Genealogy & Heraldry

Book

The Desclergue family of Montblanc is where the ancestors of N. F. Declercq originate from. For many years, Nico Declercq professed history and genealogy as a hobby. This resulted in a not-for-profit book, "The Desclergues of la Villa Ducal de Montblanc", at the end of 2021, about his ancestors. The book, ISBN/EAN 9789083176901, 1384 pages, can be found at the following locations:

google books, Internet Archive, Issuhub, GoodReads, Gutenberg, Scribd, Researchgate, SecureSafe, Academia.

The book's table of contents is given below... At the bottom of this page, we show what to expect in the second edition.

(page 463)
(page 463) Four generations of Declercq

Articles


Related articles can be found at the following locations:

Nico Felicien Declercq. Un nou llibre sobre els Desclergues de montblanc. 2021. ⟨hal-03505715⟩(academia)

Nico Felicien Declercq. Over de Spaanse oorsprong van de Kapel ter Ruste. Derlike, Heemkring Dorp en Toren, 2021. ⟨hal-03505716⟩(academia)

Nico Felicien Declercq. Maurice Verhaeghe, een soldaat uit de eerste wereldoorlog. Derlike, Heemkring Dorp en Toren, 2020. ⟨hal-03505718⟩

Nico Felicien Declercq. LA HISTÒRIA BELGA DE LA FAMÍLIA DESCLERGUE DE MONTBLANC. El Foradot - Revista bimestral de Montblanc, Arts Gràfiques Requesens, 2018. ⟨hal-03505736⟩(academia)(researchgate)

Declercq's Children

Dad will always be the best and most important title a man can have...
Benjamin J. H. Declercq (1999),
Anna-Laura F. M. Declercq (2005),
Lambert L. B. Declercq (2011).

Declercq's Godchildren

Sofie M. K. Windels (Izegem, 2011), daughter of Dr Filip Windels (Physicist and proud father of two) and Joke Casteleyn.

Heavenly Pathiranage (Gent, 2019), son of Kasun Bodhisha Pathiranaga (retired first class cricket player at Darlington Cricket Club in the UK; Galle Cricket Club, Moors Sports Club, Saracens Sports Club in Sri Lanka; and proud father of two) and Wasana de Silva.

(page 532)
(page 532) The picture above is that of of Nico Declercq's grandfather, the then very young Michel A. R. Declercq (1906-1963) together with his sisters and also with writer Andre Demedts and poet Gabrielle Demedts.The friendship between Michel Declercq and Andre Demedts was due to their equal age and their interest in literature.

Book Table of Contents



Foreword

The author's multidisciplinary and international journey through history is specially dedicated to the talented student H. R. H. the Princess Leonor of Asturias and Gerona, the Duchess of Montblanc, and is humbly extended to H.M. King Felipe IV and his charming family.

0.1 About this manuscript p. v
0.2 A few words about the author p. v
0.3 The Author's Academic Background p. v
0.4 A few words in Catalan p. vii
0.5 A few words in Spanish p. vii
0.6 A few words in Flemish p. vii
0.7 A few words in French p. ix
0.8 A few words in English p. x
0.9 A few words in Sinhalese p. xi
0.10 A few words to the friends from India p. xi
0.11 Acknowlegements p. xiii
0.11.1 Jose Sanchez Real p. xiii
0.11.2 Marcel Demeyere p. xiii
0.11.3 Brief recognitions p. xiv
0.11.4 Institutional appreciations p. xiv
0.12 Special gratitude p. xv

I Prelude

(page XV)
(page XV) Left to right: Benjamin J. H. Declercq, Shirani O. de Silva, Nico F. Declercq (the author), Lambert L. B. Declercq and Anna-Laura F. M. Declercq.



1 Heraldry and Geography p. 5
1.1Heraldic Arms of Nico Felicien Declercq p. 5
1.1.1 Historical backbones of the arms: Desclergue p. 5
1.1.2 Historical backbones of the arms: de Patin . p. 5
1.1.3 Presentation of Declercq's arms p. 5
1.1.4 Enamels, Symbols and Meaning p. 6
1.1.4.1 Enamels p. 6
1.1.4.2 Symbols p. 6
1.1.4.3 Meaning p. 6
1.1.5 The Declercq de Silva Family tomb p. 6
1.1.6 Heraldic Registrations p. 7
1.2 Arms of Shirani de Silva p. 7

2 The Town and the Duchy of Montblanc in Spain p. 9

3 Onomastics p. 13
3.1 Names in a genealogical context p. 13
3.2 The Desclergues p. 14
3.3 Polymorfic names p. 15
3.4 Other foreign names . p. 17
3.5 The name connected to the Casal dels Desclergue . p. 18

4 A Brief History of Flanders and its Iberian Connections p. 21
4.1 Francia - The Kingdom of the Franks p. 22
4.2 The Spanish Reconquista p. 23
4.3 The Battle of the Golden Spurs in 1302 p. 23
4.4 The Burgundian Empire Rise p. 24
4.4.1 Philip the Bold p. 25
4.4.2 John of Burgundy p. 27
4.4.3 Philip the Good p. 28
4.4.4 Charles the Bold p. 28
4.4.5 Mary the Duchess of Burgundy p. 28
4.4.6 Philip the Handsome p. 28
4.5 Iberia as the Crown of the World p. 29
4.6 Emperor Charles V p. 30
4.7 The Spanish Crown and its Habsburg Rule over Belgium after Emperor Carlos V p. 32
4.7.1 H. M. Felipe II as King of Spain and Ruler of the Spanish Netherlands, 1556-1598 p. 32
4.7.2 H. M. Felipe III as King of Spain, 1598-1621 p. 33
4.7.3 H. M. Isabella of Spain and H. M. Albert of Austria as Rulers of the Spanish Netherlands, 1598-1621 p. 33
4.7.4 H. M. Felipe IV as King of Spain and Ruler of the Spanish Netherlands, 1621-1665 p. 33
4.7.5 H. M. Carlos II as King of Spain and Ruler of the Spanish Netherlands, 1665-1700 p. 33
4.8 The Eighty Years War p. 33
4.9 The Spanish Army of Flanders p. 34
4.9.1 The composition of the Army of Flanders p. 34
4.9.2 Timeline of the Eighty Years War p. 36
4.10 The Spanish Devolution War and the War of Succession p. 39
4.10.1 The Devolution War 1667-1668 p. 39
4.10.2 The War of Succession 1701-1714 p. 39
4.11 The Spanish Monarchy from H.M. King Felipe V until the First Republic p. 39
4.11.1 H.M. Felipe V of Spain . p. 39
4.11.2 H.M. Luis I of Spain p. 39
4.11.3 H.M. Felipe V of Spain p. 39
4.11.4 H.M. Fernando VI of Spain p. 39
4.11.5 H.M. Carlos III of Spain p. 41
4.11.6 H.M. Carlos IV of Spain p. 41
4.11.7 H.M. Fernando VII of Spain p. 41
4.11.8 H.M. Isabella II of Spain p. 41
4.11.9 H.M. Amadeo I of Spain p. 41
4.12 The Spanish Monarchy, the Second Republic and the Civil War p. 41
4.12.1 H.M. Alfonso XII of Spain p. 41
4.12.2 H.M. Alfonso XIII of Spain p. 41
4.13 The Second Spanish Republic and Francisco Franco p. 41
4.14 Spanish Monarchy after Francisco Franco p. 42
4.14.1 H.M. King Juan Carlos I of Spain p. 42
4.14.2 H.M. King Felipe VI of Spain p. 43
4.15 Belgium Austriacum p. 43
4.15.1 H.M. Emperor Charles VI p. 44
4.15.2 H.M. Empress Maria Theresia p. 44
4.15.3 H.M. Emperor Joseph II p. 44
4.15.4 H.M. Emperor Leopold II p. 44
4.15.5 H.M. Emperor Francis II . p. 44
4.16 The First Belgian Revolution in 1789 p. 44
4.17 H.M. Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte p. 44
4.18 The Dutch Period p. 48
4.19 Modern Belgium p. 48
4.19.1 H.M. King Leopold I p. 48
4.19.2 H.M. King Leopold II p. 48
4.19.3 H.M. King Albert I . p. 49
4.19.4 H.M. King Leopold III p. 49
4.19.5 H.M.King Boudewijn p. 49
4.19.6 H.M. King Albert II p. 49
4.19.7 H.M. King Philippe p. 49
4.19.7.1 The Royal Family p. 49
4.19.7.2 H.R.H. Princess Elisabeth, the Duchess of Brabant p. 49

II Genetics

(page 19)
(page 19) The house of Desclergue on the Main Square of Montblanc. (2018)



5 DNA Analysis of N. F. Declercq p. 55
5.1 Introduction p. 55
5.2 Y-DNA and mt-DNA p. 55
5.3 DNA and Family names in Catalonia, with strong evidence of Tarragona as the ancient origin p. 57
5.4 Autosomal DNA (FamilyTreeDNA?) - The Spanish connection p. 58
5.5 Autosomal DNA (FamilyTreeDNA?) - The North Sea basin and the Flemish connection p. 59
5.6 Autosomal DNA (FamilyTreeDNA?) - The Irish connection p. 59
5.7 GEDmatch? results p. 60
5.7.1 Population matches p. 60
5.7.2 Spanish matches p. 61
5.7.3 Detailed autosomal analysis p. 61
5.7.3.1 The Brittany cluster p. 61
5.7.3.2 The Soria cluster p. 61
5.7.3.2.1 Genes in common with Torres p. 61
5.7.3.2.2 Genes in common with Soriano p. 61
5.7.3.3 Genes in common with de Montoya p. 62
5.7.3.4 Genes in common with Cortes p. 62
5.7.3.5 Genes in common with de la Cruz p. 62
5.7.3.6 Genes in common with Fossa p. 62
5.7.3.7 The maternal Perlan Irish Ancestry Line p. 62
5.7.3.8 Genes in common with Montaigne p. 62
5.7.3.9 Genes in common with Lombaerde p. 63
5.7.3.10 Genes in common with Lesage p. 63
5.7.3.11 Genes in common with Desplenter p. 63
5.7.3.12 Genes in common with Benoit p. 63
5.7.3.13 Genes in common with Goddyn p. 63
5.7.3.14 Genes in common with Pennet p.63
5.7.3.15 Genes in common with Corneille p. 63
5.7.3.16 Genes in common with De Croock p. 63
5.7.3.17 Genes in common with Massa p. 63
5.7.4 A Focus on the Regions p. 63
5.7.4.1 Spain and Portugal in general p.63
5.7.4.1.1 Spain p. 63
5.7.4.1.2 Portugal p. 64
5.7.4.1.3 Iberia, unspecified p. 64
5.7.4.2 Galicia p. 64
5.7.4.3 Brittany p. 64
5.7.4.3.1 Old families of Brittany p. 64
5.7.4.3.2 Other names related to Brittany, in Brittany p. 64
5.7.4.3.3 Other names associated with Brittany, around Brittany p. 64
5.7.4.3.4 Names possibly related to the 'legend'that Du Guesclin had some of his roots at the coast of Algeria (Bougie) p. 64
5.7.4.4 Other Particular Spanish Regions p. 64
5.7.4.4.1 Soria p. 64
5.7.4.4.2 Catalonia p. 64
5.7.4.4.3 Crown of Aragon p. 64
5.7.4.5 Expansion of Catalonia and the Crown of Aragon p. 65
5.7.4.5.1 Sardinia p. 65
5.7.4.5.2 Naples p. 65
5.7.4.5.3Deep South Italy p. 65
5.7.4.5.4 Sicily p. 65
5.7.4.5.5 Greece p. 65
5.7.4.5.6 Malta p. 65
5.7.4.6 Spanish Territories in the 16th-17th centuries p. 65
5.7.4.6.1 Milan and Genua p. 65
5.7.4.6.2 Milan and Genua, but also the deep South of Italy p. 65
5.7.4.6.3 Cross match between GEDmatch? and the Montblanc Census of 1359 p. 65
5.7.4.7 Connection with other descendants of Du Guesclin in Spain p. 65
5.8 Genetic Analysis based on MyTrueAncestry? p. 65
5.9 Genetic Analysis based on MyHeritage? p. 65
5.9.1 Spanish residents p. 65
5.9.2 Portuguese residents p. 69
5.10 Genetic Analysis based on Geneanet? p. 69
5.11 Comparison with ancient Skeletons by GEDmatch? p. 69
5.11.1 Alps (13700 year old skeletons) p. 70
5.11.1.1 French-Burgundian-Helvetian p. 70
5.11.2 Byzantine area (8300-9700 year old skeletons) p. 70
5.11.2.1 Georgia (9700 years ago; weight 22) p. 70
5.11.2.2 Turkey (8300-8400 years ago; weights 1-5) p. 70
5.11.3 Iberia (4700-7200 year old skeletons) p. 70
5.11.3.1 Spain (4700-7200 years ago; weights 3-10) p. 70
5.11.4 Celtic British Isles (4000-5200-year-old skeletons) p. 70
5.11.4.1 Ireland (4000-5200 years ago; weights 28-40) p. 70
5.11.5 Germanic-Hungarian (3100-7000-year-old skeletons) p. 70
5.11.5.1 Hungary (4200-7200 years ago; weights 1-2) p. 70
5.11.5.2 Germany (3100-7000 years ago; weights 1-5) p. 70 5.11.5.3 Russia (1500-5300 years ago; weights 1-5) p. 70
5.11.6 Roman and Anglo Saxon British Isles (1500-1800-year-old skeletons) p. 70
5.11.6.1 (1500-1800 years ago; weights 1-13) p. 70

6 DNA de Silva p. 71
6.1 Introduction p. 71
6.2 Iberia and the ancestors before genealogical records: The Byzantine migration path 224-1300 p. 71
6.3 Mixed Byzantine and Iberian Genes p. 72
6.4 An interesting observation p. 73
6.5 DNA analysis by FamilyTreeDNA? p. 74
6.6 The Iberian Byzantine Haplogroup p. 74
6.7 YFull? DNA analysis p. 75
6.8 The Y-STR values indicate Iberian roots from a Byzantine origin p. 76
6.9 The Autosomal DNA analysis reveals Sri Lankan, Indian, Byzantine and Iberian origins (FamilyTreeDNA?) p. 77
6.10 The mt-DNA Haplogroup reveals the Kuru Kingdom as the maternal-line origin (FamilyTreeDNA?) p. 78
6.11 Old DNA analysis by Consanguinitas? agrees with new results p. 78
6.12 GEDmatch? results for De Silva p. 79
6.12.1 Population matches with de Silva (GEDmatch?) p. 79
6.12.1.1 Dodecad V3 Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.2 MDLP K23b Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.3 HarappaWorld Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.4 MDLP K16 Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.5 puntDNAL K12 Modern Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.6 Eurogenes K12b Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.7 Eurogenes K13 Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.8 Eurogenes EUtest V2 K15 Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.9 Eurogenes K36 Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.10 Dodecad K12b Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.11 MDLP K16 Modern Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.12 MDLP World Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.13 MDLP World-22 Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.14 puntDNAL K15 Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.15 EUtest Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.16 puntDNAL K13 Global Admixture Proportions p. 79
6.12.1.17 EthioHelixK10 Africa Only Admixture Proportions p. 80
6.12.1.18 Jtest Admixture Proportions p. 80
6.12.1.19 Africa9 Admixture Proportions p. 80
6.12.1.20 Harappa World Admixture Proportions p. 80
6.12.1.21 A focus on India p. 80
6.12.2 Individual matches with de Silva (GEDmatch?) p. 80
6.12.2.1 Total centimorgans 40.0-50.0 p. 80 6.12.2.2 Total centimorgans 16.5-20.0 p. 80
6.12.2.3 Total centimorgans 10.1-16.5 p. 80
6.12.2.4 Total centimorgans 9.0-10.0 p. 80
6.12.2.5 Total centimorgans 8.5-8.9 p. 80
6.12.2.6 Total centimorgans 8.0-8.4 p. 80
6.12.2.7 Total centimorgans 7.5-7.9 p. 80
6.12.2.8 Total centimorgans 7.0-7.4 p. 81
6.12.3 Match between de Silva and Declercq p. 81
6.12.4 Old ancestry matches between de Silva and de Rivera p. 81
6.12.5 De Silva - Carvalho - de Almeida DNA (GEDmatch?) p.81
6.12.5.1 Carvalho p. 81
6.12.5.2 de Silva p. 81
6.12.5.3 de Almeida p. 81
6.12.5.4 mutual overlap between De Silva, Carvalho and de Almeida p. 81
6.12.5.5 DNA comparison with the families of the first Fidalgos of Goa and Kotte (GEDmatch?) p. 81
6.13 Genetic Analysis based on MyTrueAncestry? p. 82
6.14 Geneanet? dNA results for De Silva p. 84
6.15 Comparison with ancient Skeletons p. 84
6.15.1 Byzantine and Georgia (8300-9700 year old skeletons; weights 1-31) p. 84
6.15.2 Ireland (3900-5200 year old skeletons; weights 1-30) p. 87
6.15.3 Switzerland (13700 year old skeletons; weight 16) p. 87
6.15.4 England (1450-1800 year old skeletons); weights 2-11) p. 87
6.15.5 Iberia (5800-7200 year old skeletons; weights 2-9) p. 87
6.15.6 Germany (4200-9100 year old skeletons; weights 1-9) p. 87
6.15.7 Russia (2300-7300 year old skeletons) (weights 1-3) p.87
6.15.8 Sweden (5700-7700 year old skeletons; weights 1-2) p.87
6.15.9 Hungary (4200-4900 year old skeletons; weight 1) p. 87

III Brittany is from where the Desclergues ori...

(page 96)
(page 96) The author's great grandfather Ernest Constant Declercq (left) and Bertrand Du Guesclin (right). It's evidence that the skull of men (not necessarily the face) is dominantly inherited along the male line.



7 Introduction p. 95

8 Bertrand Du Guesclin p. 97
8.1 Spanish roots, French ancestry and descendants in Spain p. 97
8.1.1 Mediterranean blood at Saint Coulomb p. 97
8.1.2 On the legend of King Aquin p. 97
8.1.3 Thinkable Roman roots in Aquino p. 98
8.1.4 Thinkable connection with the Umayyad invasions of France p. 99
8.1.5 Plausible Seedbed in La Marche de Bretagne and La Marche d'Espagne p. 99
8.1.6 Consistency with the ocial history of Saint Coulomb p. 100
8.1.7 Thinkable Britonia Genesis and what we learned from Lebor Gaba?la Erenn p. ? 100
8.1.8 Historians on Du Guesclin's Offspring p. 100
8.1.8.1 On Michel Du Guesclin (DG12) p. 101
8.1.8.2 On Beltr?an de Torres (DT01b) p. 101
8.1.8.3 On Guerech de Torres (DT01), our ancestor p. 101
8.1.8.4 A reference by Juan Manuel, Infante de Castilla, 14th century p. 101
8.1.8.5 A reference by Cuvelier, 14th century p. 102
8.1.8.6 A reference by Francisco de Rades y Andrada, 1572 p. 102
8.1.8.7 A reference by Juan Manuel, 1575 p. 102
8.1.8.8 A reference by Gonzalo Argote de Molina, 1588 p. 103
8.1.8.9 A reference by Medro Porralis, 1591 p. 103
8.1.8.10 A reference by Andre Fauyn, 1620 p. 103
8.1.8.11 A reference by Alonso Lopez de Haro, 1622 p. 104
8.1.8.12 A reference by P`ere Anselme de Sainte-Marie, continuee par Honore du Fourny, 1726-1733 p. 104
8.1.8.13 A reference by Michaud fr`eres, 1814 p. 104
8.1.8.14 A reference by Christine de Pisan, 1824 p. 105
8.1.8.15 A reference of Alberto y Arturo Garcia Carraffa, 1952-1958 p. 105
8.1.8.16 A reference of Roberto Calvo Torre p. 105
8.1.8.16.1 A) Beltra?n de Torres (DT01b) p. 106
8.1.8.16.2 B) Guerech de Torres (DT01) p. 106
8.1.8.16.3 1) Juan Gutierrez de Torres (DT02b) p. 106
8.1.8.16.4 2) Carlos D??az de Torres (DT02) p. 106
8.1.8.16.5 2) Diego de Torres (DT02c) . p. 106
8.1.8.17 A reference of Lucia Mosquera Novoa, 2015 . p. 106
8.1.8.18 A reference of Lucia Mosquera Novoa, 2017 . p. 107
8.1.9 The Reported Ancestors of Du Guesclin p. 107 8.1.9.1 Richer de Guarplic (DG01) p. 107
8.1.9.2 Clamaroch de Guarplic (DG02) p. 108
8.1.9.3 Bertrand I de Guarplic (DG03) p. 108
8.1.9.4 Geofroy de Guarplic (DG04) p. 108
8.1.9.5 Bertrand II du Guesclin (DG05) . p. 108
8.1.9.6 Pierre du Guesclin (DG06) p. 108
8.1.9.7 Bertrand III du Guesclin (DG07) . p. 108
8.1.9.8 Bertrand IV du Guesclin (DG08) . p. 108
8.1.9.9 Guillaume du Guesclin (DG09) p. 108
8.1.9.10 Robert II du Guesclin (DG10) p. 108
8.2 Du Guesclin's Brief Biography p. 108
8.3 Honours received by Du Guesclin p. 109
8.4 Du Guesclin's Legacy . p. 109
8.5 The Burial place of Bertrand Du Guesclin p. 109

9 Heraldry and the Appearance of Du Guesclin in Spain p. 111
9.1 Du Guesclin supporting H.M. Enrique de Trastamara p. 111
9.2 Places visited by Du Guesclin in Spain p. 111
9.3 The presence at and the liberation of Montblanc by Du Guesclin, in the records of 1366-1370 p. 112
9.4 The Spanish format of Du Guesclin's name p. 113
9.5 Heraldry of Du Guesclin p. 113
9.5.1 The Du Guesclin family p. 113
9.5.2 The seal of Du Guesclin upon his arrival in Spain: The Gryphon p. 113

10 The Desclergues Coat of Arms forms a connection to Bertrand Du Guesclin and Cortes de Monroy p. 115
10.1 The Shield p. 115
10.2 The Helmet . p. 116
10.3 The Gryphon on the Helmet p. 116
10.4 Three Military Flags . p. 117
10.5 The Fleurs de Lys p. 117

11 On the Estimated time of Settlement of the Desclergues at Montblanc p. 119

12 The Brittanic Grouazel-Krauss family as descendants of Uuethenoc and Boisguehenneuc p. 121

13 DNA analysis exposing the Connection with Du Guesclin p. 123
13.1 DNA evidence of Du Guesclin as the originator of the Desclergues of Montblanc p. 123
13.2 A sample of R. Grouazel-Krauss from Ruca in Brittany, male descendant of Gueheneuc p. 123
13.3 A sample of F. Guezennec . p. 124
13.4 A sample of B. Chaix . p. 124
13.5 A sample of M. Cariou p. 124

14 The Bloodline from Bertrand Du Guesclin to Pere Desclergue (DC01) p. 125
14.1 Don Bertrand Du Guesclin / Beltran Claquin (DG11) . p. 125
14.2 Don Grau de Torres (I) (DT01) p. 125
14.3 Don Grau de Torres (II) (DT02) p. 125
14.4 Don Carlos Diaz de Torres (DT02) y Dona Desclergues p. 125
14.5 Don Pere Desclergue (DC01) y Torres p. 126

(page 137)
(page 137) Anna-Laura Declercq and Lambert Declercq in Montblanc, 2018.

IV The Desclergues of Montblanc





15 Summary of the Desclergue Paternal Ancestry Line p. 133

16 Spanish-Catalan Roots p. 137
16.1 Introduction . p. 137
16.2 Don Pere Desclergue (I) (DC01), the earliest recorded Desclergue ancestor in Montblanc p. 137
16.2.1 Pere Desclergue (I) y Torres (DC01) was a Notary p. 137
16.2.2 The Spouse of Don Pere Desclergue y Torres (I) (DC01) p. 143
16.3 Descendants of Pere Desclergue (I) (DC01) p. 143
16.3.1 Pere Desclergue (DC02b), a mercador p. 144
16.3.2 Antich Desclergue (DC02c) p. 144
16.3.3 Galceran Desclergue (I) (DC02d), a mercador, and his descendants p. 144
16.3.3.1 Galceran Desclergue (II) (DC02dy1), the son of Galceran Desclergue (I) (DC02d) p. 152
16.3.3.2 Jeronimo Desclergue (DC02dy1y2), the son of Galceran Desclergue (II) (DC02dy1) a servitor of the Marquis of Aytona p. 152
16.3.3.3 Maria Anna Desclergue y de Ojeda (DC02dy1x1), our ancestor and the daughter of Galceran Desclergue (II) (DC02dy1) p. 153
16.4 Don Joan Berenguer Desclergue (DC02) & Prunera p. 153
16.4.1 Don Joan Berenguer Desclergue (DC02), general conservator of the Montblanc Dukedom p. 153
16.4.2 His wife Prunera p. 154
16.5 Don Bonaventura Desclergue (I) (DC03) & Anna Cortes de Monroy p. 154
16.5.1 Don Bonaventura Desclergue (I) (DC03), a notary and local deputy p. 154
16.5.2 Anna Cortes de Monroy, her ancestry and relatives p. 160
16.5.2.1 Herna?n Cortes de Monroy, Anna's cousin and a Conquistador p. 162
16.5.2.1.1 Introduction p. 162
16.5.2.1.2 His early life and arrival in the New World p. 162
16.5.2.1.3The deity Quetzal Coatl p. 163
16.5.2.1.4 His life in Hispanola p. 163
16.5.2.1.5 His first visit of Tenochtitlan (Mexico City) p. 163
16.5.2.1.6 His Conquista of Tenochtitian (Mexico City) p. 163
16.5.2.1.7 His Involvement in other Conquistas p. 164
16.5.2.1.8 A devastating end of his life p. 164
16.5.2.2 The author's Meso-American and Hellenistic research p. 164
16.5.2.2.1Description p. 164
16.5.2.2.2 The author's publications on this matter p. 166
16.5.2.2.3 Articles published by news agencies on the author's activity, concerning the Quetzal echo at Chichen Itza p. 166
16.5.2.2.4 Articles published by news agencies concerning the author's work on the Raindrop effect . 166
16.5.2.2.5 Articles published by news agencies concerning the author's work in Epidaurus p. 166
16.5.3 Descendants p. 167
16.5.3.1 Francesc Desclergue y Monseny (DC04b) p. 167
16.5.3.2 Bonaventura Desclergue y Monseny (DC04c) p. 167
16.5.3.3 Luis Desclergue (I) (DC04d) y Cortes, a mercador p. 167

17 Bonaventura Desclergue (DC04) and his family p. 169
17.1 Introduction p. 169
17.2 Don Bonaventura Desclergue y Cortes (II) (DC04) p. 169
17.3 His marriage with Maria Anna Desclergue y de Ojeda and their children p. 172
17.3.1 Don Jeroni Desclergue y Cortes (DC05) p. 173
17.3.2 Don Enric Desclergue (DC05c) y Cortes p. 173
17.4 His marriage with Anna (II) Ratera and their children p. 173
17.4.1 Don Antoni Desclergue y Ratera (DC05b) p. 173
17.4.2 Don Francesc Desclergue (DC05e) y Ratera p. 174
17.4.2.1 Introduction and source of income p. 174
17.4.2.2 Life and traits as a lawyer p. 174
17.4.3 Dona Francisca Desclergue (DC05d) y Ratera p. 177
17.4.4 Dona Isabel/Elisabeth Desclergue y Tous (DC05ex1) - first marriage, with Jacinto Francesc Jori p. 177
17.4.5 Dona Isabel/Elisabeth Desclergue y Tous (DC05ex1) - second marriage, with Jacinto Pedrolo p. 177
17.5 Don Francesc de Pedrolo y Desclergue, (DC05ex1y2) p. 178
17.5.1 Introduction p. 178
17.5.2 Narrative of his life p. 180
17.5.3 Descendants : de Pedrolo p. 183
17.5.4 Manuscripts authored by Francesc de Pedrolo y Desclergue (DC05ex1y2) p. 183
17.5.5 Francesc de Pedrolo y Desclergue (DC05ex1y2) is also found in... p. 184
17.5.6 Francesc de Pedrolo y Desclergue's ancestral highlights p. 184
17.5.7 Desclergue documents in Fons documentals de Montblanc a l'Arxiu comarcal de Tarrega p. 184
17.5.7.1 Appointments p. 184
17.5.7.2 Judicial documentation of the patrimony p. 184
17.5.7.3 Personal and family documentation - Family history p. 184
17.5.7.4 Personal and family documentation - Inheritance documentation p. 184
17.5.7.5 Personal and family documentation - Francesc de Pedrolo y Desclergue p. 184
17.5.7.6 Desclergue Family - General documentation of assets p. 185
17.5.7.7 Desclergue Family - Transfer of ownership p. 185
17.5.7.8 Desclergue Family - Wealth - Accounting p. 185
17.5.7.9 Desclergue Family - Equity - Debt p. 185
17.5.7.10 Desclergue Family - Correspondence p. 185
17.5.7.11 Desclergue Family - Family History p. 185
17.5.7.12 Desclergue Family - Inheritance documentation p. 185
17.5.7.13 Desclergue Family - School and academic documentation p. 185
17.5.7.14 Desclergue Family - Francesc Desclergue p. 185
17.5.7.15 Desclergue Family - Bonaventura Desclergue p. 185
17.5.7.16 Desclergue Family - Other documentation p. 185
17.5.8 Antoni de Pedrolo (DC05ex1y2y1) p. 185
17.5.9 Amadeo Francesc Desclergue y Tous (DC05ey1) p. 186
17.6 Earlier connection with the de Pedrolo family p. 186

18 Jeroni Desclergue y Cortes (DC05) & Felipa de Montoya 193 18.1 Introduction p. 193
18.2 His roots in Montblanc p. 195
18.3 The Career of Jeroni Desclergue 1587-1604 p. 197
18.3.1 Introduction p. 197
18.3.2 The influence of Carlos Coloma and Luis del Villar p. 211
18.3.3 The Capture of Geldern 1587 p. 214
18.3.4 The Invasion of England with the Spanish Armada 1588 p. 214
18.3.5 The Siege of Bergen op Zoom 1588 p. 215
18.3.6 The Attempt to sack Ostend in Spring 1589 p. 218
18.3.7 The Siege of Heusden, Heel and Bommelerwaard, 1589 p. 218
18.3.8 The arrival in Harelbeke and Kortrijk, December 1589 p. 218
18.3.9 Attack on the Fortress of Noordam 1590 near Zevenbergen p. 227
18.3.10 The Attack on occupied Oudenburg 1590 p. 227
18.3.11 The Relief of la Ferte-Milon in 1591 p. 227
18.3.12 The Liberation of the Westerlo castle in 1591 p. 227
18.3.13 Defence of Nijmegen in 1591 p. 227
18.3.14 The Defense of Steenwijk (1592) p. 227
18.3.15 The Siege of Coevorden in 1593-1594 p. 228
18.3.16 The capture of La Capelle and the loss of Laon in 1594 p. 228
18.3.17 The Capture of Hoei (Huy) in Spring of 1595 p. 228
18.3.18 The Siege of Le Catelet, Doullens and Cambrai - Summer of 1595 p. 228
18.3.19 The Hospital of Saint-Jean at Citadel of Cambrai p. 229
18.3.20 The Siege of Calais and Ardres in 1596 p. 229
18.3.21 The Siege of Hulst in 1596 p. 230
18.3.22 The Battles of Turnhout, Alphen and Moers in the North-East, in 1597 p. 230
18.3.23 Surprise Capture of Amiens in the South, 1597 p. 230
18.3.24 A new career in Tournai in the Spring of 1598 p. 231
18.3.25 Short career in Barcelona and membership of the Corts 1598-1602 p. 231
18.3.26 His Stay in Tournai 1602-1604 p. 232
18.3.27 His Participation in the Siege of Ostend 1602-1604 p. 232
18.4 The Events after Jeroni's death in 1604 p. 233
18.5 The Spaniard Castle of Ghent p. 233
18.6 The Early Network of Jeroni Desclergue p. 235 18.6.1 The Friendship between the Desclergue, Du Puich, Masse, DeKlerk, de Bucqouy, Vosse, Andries and de la Cruz families p. 235
18.6.2 Jan DeKlerk p. 235
18.6.3 The du Puich family p. 237
18.6.1.1 Appearance of Jeroni Desclergue at Loos (near Lille) with du Puich p. 237
18.6.1.2 A marriage between the Du Puich and the Desclergue family p. 237
18.6.1.3 The presence of the Du Puich family at the Spaniard Castle of Ghent p. 237
18.6.1.4 A marriage between de Bucqouy and the Desclergue families, with Du Puich as a witness p. 238
18.6.1.5 His post-mortem influence on the realisation of the Chapel in Deerlijk p. 238
18.6.4 The Masse family p. 238
18.6.5 The de Vos Family p. 238
18.6.6 The de la Cruz Family, related to Jeroni's wife p. 239
18.6.7 The Andries Family p. 239
18.7 Jeroni's children p. 239
18.7.1 Juana Desclergue (DC06c), the daughter of Jeroni Desclergue p. 243 18.7.2 Maria Desclergue (DC06e), the daughter of Jeroni Desclergue p. 243
18.7.3 Anna Desclergue (DC06f), the daughter of Jeroni Desclergue p. 243
18.7.4 Antoni Desclergue (DC06), the son of Jeroni Desclergue p. 244
18.7.5 Miguel Desclergue (DC06b), the son of Jeroni Desclergue p. 244
18.8 Felipa de Montoya, the wife of Jeroni Desclergue, and her family. p. 245
18.8.1 Felipa de Montoya, related to the Ximenes de la Cruz Family p. 245
18.8.2 Jeronimo de Montoya, senior p. 245
18.8.3 Jeronimo de Montoya, junior p. 245
18.8.3.1 Juan de Montoya p. 245
18.8.4 Antonio de Montoya p. 247
18.8.5 Maria de Montoya, junior p. 247 18.9 The Orphans of Jeroni Desclergue, Ius Inter Gentes, their inheritance, and the destiny of Felipa de Montoya p. 247
18.9.1 Ius Inter Gentes and Citizen Rights p. 247
18.9.2 Ius Inter Gentes and Inheritance Rights p. 249
18.9.2.1 Introduction p. 249
18.9.2.2 Felipa de Montoya's Extended Family p. 249
18.9.2.3 The Inheritance p. 249
18.10 The Spanish Military Barracks of Harelbeke, adjacent to Deerlijk p. 255
18.10.1 The Historical Perspective p. 255
18.10.2 Archaeological Evidence of the Spanish Barracks p. 258

19 Overview of Whereabouts of Jeroni Desclergue and his family in Flanders p. 261
19.1 Introduction p. 261
19.2 The Spaniard Castle of Ghent p. 261
19.3 Kortrijk p. 261
19.4 Cambrai p. 261
19.5 Tournai p. 261
19.6 Ostend p. 264
19.7 Overacker in Deerlijk-Harelbeke p. 264

20 The Siege of Ostend p. 269
20.1 Introduction p. 269
20.2 The Early stage of the battle p. 269
20.3 The Late and Final Stages of the Battle and the death of Jeroni Desclergue (DC05) p. 270
20.4 Sandhill in Ostend, where Jeroni was killed p. 276
20.5 Colombye, San Miquel and the pregnant widow p. 278
20.6 Legacy of the Siege of Ostend p. 278

21 Antoni Desclergue y Ratera (DC05b) p. 289
21.1 Introduction p. 289
21.2 His Career p. 289
21.2.1 Recruitment and service in Milan . p. 289
21.2.2 Ostend p. 289
21.2.3 Damme p. 289
21.2.4 Barcelona and Gerona p. 292
21.2.5 Antwerp, with his brother Enrique (DC05c) and the onset of the 30-year War p. 293
21.3 Spouse p. 293
21.4 His Death at Ghent p. 293
21.5 His Offspring p. 295
21.5.1 Pere Desclergue p. 295
21.5.2 Joan Desclergue p. 295
21.5.3 Francisca Desclergue p. 297
21.5.4 Jose Desclergue p. 297
21.6 The appearance of Maria Juana Pollet p. 297

22 Enric Desclergue y Cortes (DC05c) p. 299
22.1 Introduction . p. 299
22.2 His Recruitment p. 299
22.3 His Career p. 299
22.3.1 Handwritten reference 1 p. 299
22.3.2 Handwritten reference 2 p. 301
22.3.3 Handwritten reference 3 p. 301
22.3.4 Inigo de Borja y Velasco p. 307
22.3.5 The defence of 's Hertogenbosch in 1603 p. 307
22.3.6 His involvements in Ostend and Sluis p. 307
22.3.7 The battles with Ambrogio Spinola 1606-1609 . p. 310
22.3.7.1 The Battle of the Berkumerbrug in Zwolle p. 310
22.3.7.2 The two Sieges of Lochem p. 310
22.3.7.3 The two Sieges of Groenlo p. 310
22.3.7.4 The Siege of Rheinberg. p. 310
22.3.8 His Mediterranean career in the period 1610-1613
22.3.9 His involvement in Eastern Provinces and residence of Enric Desclergue in Antwerp with his brother Antoni, and the onset of the 30-year War, 1614-1618 p. 311
22.3.9.1 Residence in Antwerp p. 311
22.3.9.2 Support for Aachen p. 312
22.3.9.3 The capture of Wesel p. 312
22.3.9.4 The Kleef-Rees-Ju?lich issue p. 312
22.3.10 Enric Desclergue was Awarded in 1623 p. 312
22.3.11 His Residence in Wingene p. 312
22.4 His Spouses . p. 312
22.4.1 Maria, the First Wife of Enric Desclergue p. 312
22.4.2 Ana Fabiana Pacheco, the Second Wife of Enric Desclergue p. 312
22.5 The Death of Enric Desclergue p. 313
22.6 His Offspring p. 313

23 Antoni Desclergue y de Montoya (DC06) p. 315
23.1 Introduction . p. 315
23.2 The discovery of Antoni Desclergue (DC06) by Jose Sanchez Real p. 315
23.3 Antoni Desclergue (II) (DC06) in the literature p. 315
23.4 The Birth of Antoni Desclergue (II) (DC06) p. 319
23.5 The Life and Military Career of Antoni Desclergue until 1640 . p. 320
23.5.1 The Siege of Ostend and the Death of his father Jeroni and uncle Jeronimo de Montoya p. 320
23.5.2 The Truce between the Northern and Spanish Netherlands 1609-1621 and how it ended p. 320
23.5.3 An event which may have triggered Antoni to join the armed forces: the Comet on Christmas 1618 p. 323
23.5.4 The Siege of Gulik, 1621-1622 p. 323
23.5.5 The Siege of Bergen Op Zoom and Steenbergen, 1622 p. 323
23.5.6 The Siege of Breda, 1624-1625 p. 324
23.5.7 The defence of 's Hertogenbosch in 1629 and Bruges in 1631 p. 327
23.5.8 The Siege of Leuven, 1635 p. 334
23.5.9 Meanwhile in the world p. 334

3.5.10 1639-1641, the period when Antoni Desclergue (II) (DC06) was in Spain p. 335
23.5.11 Specific appearances of and links to Antoni Desclergue in the area of Deerlijk p. 336
23.5.12 Troops and their families in the area Deerlijk-Harelbeke-Kortrijk and their impact on the inhabitants during the lifetime of Antoni Desclergue - until his departure for Spain in 1639 p. 342
23.5.13 The role of Carlos Coloma de Saa in the life of Antoni Desclergue p. 342
23.5.14 The Construction of the Chapel at Deerlijk in 1639-1641 and possible involvement in another one in 1666 p. 343
23.5.15 A Donation to the Hospital of Saint-Jean at the Citadel of Cambrai in 1641 p. 343
23.6 Military Career of Antoni Desclergue after 1641 p. 343
23.6.1 The Battle of Honnecourt-sur-Escaut (1642) p. 343
23.6.2 The Spanish defeat at Rocroi (1643) p. 344
23.6.3 Troops and their families in the area Deerlijk-Harelbeke-Kortrijk and their impact on the inhabitants during the lifetime of Antoni Desclergue - after 1641 p. 357
23.7 The Siege of Barcelona in 1651 p. 359
23.7.1 Antoni Desclergue's context p. 359
23.7.2 Antoni Desclergue's involvement in the Siege of Barcelona p. 361
23.7.3 Antoni Desclergue's life after the Siege of Barcelona p. 362
23.8 Tratado de los Pirineos - visit of Antoni to Montblanc in 1659 p. 362
23.9 Devolution War (1667-1669) and his Residence in Ghent (1672-1678) during the Dutch war p. 363
23.9.1 Antoni Desclergue as a military recruiter for the Devolution War (1667-1669) p. 363
23.9.2 French King Louis XIV and Spanish Maria Theresia of Austria p. 364
23.9.3 Residence at Ghent p. 364
23.10 A visit to Spain in 1679 for a wedding after the Peace of Nijmegen p. 364
23.11 Antoni Desclergue's Marriage and Whereabouts p. 365
23.11.1 Antoni Desclergue (II) (DC06) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 365
23.11.2The Orphan's deed when Antoni's wife Beatrice de Clercq died in 1651 p. 366

24 Pedro de Clerque, the brother in law of Antoni Desclergue (II) (DC06) p. 373
24.1 Introduction p. 373
24.2 His Bloodline p. 373
24.3 His Military Career p. 373

25 Juan de Clerque, the brother in law of Antoni Desclergue (II) (DC06) p. 375
25.1 Introduction p. 375
25.2 His Military Career p. 375
25.3 Beatrice Maria Vandeputte, the wife of Juan de Clerque p. 375

26 Children of Antoni Desclergue (DC06) p. 377
26.1 Maria Declerque (DC07b) the daughter of Antoni Desclergue (DC06) p. 377
26.2 Joan Declerque (DC07c) the son of Antoni Desclergue (DC06) p. 377
26.3 Pere Declerque (DC07d), the son of Antoni Desclergue (DC06) and soldier p. 377
26.4 Ana Declerque (DC07e), the daughter of Antoni Desclergue (DC06) p. 377
26.5 Antoni Declerque (DC07), the son of Antoni Desclergue (DC06) p. 381

27 Antoni Declerque (DC07) & Martina de la Cruz p. 383
27.1 Introduction p. 383
27.2 Antoni Declerque (III) (DC07), the son of Don Antoni Desclergue (II) (DC06) and Beatrice de Clercq p. 383
27.3 Antoni Declerque (III) (DC07) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 383
27.4 The Ancestry of Martine Vercruyce or Martina de la Cruz, with Roots in Spain p. 385
27.4.1 Father and son Carlos Ximenes de la Cruz at Sint Eloois Vijve p. 385
27.4.2 On Martina's ancestors p. 389
27.4.3 On Martina's siblings p. 389
27.4.3.1 Joannes Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.3.2 Maria Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.3.3 Pedro Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.3.4 Anna Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.3.5 Catarina Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.3.6 Pedro Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.3.7 Maria Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390 27.4.3.8 Margarita Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.3.9 Adriano Ximenes de la Cruz p. 390
27.4.4 An Early Connections between the de la Cruz family and families of Desclergue p. 396
27.4.5 Other relatives of Martina p. 396
27.5 Marriage of Antoni Desclergue (DC07) and Martina de la Cruz p. 396
27.6 Their Residence in Ghent during the French Occupation of the Castellany of Kortrijk and the Dutch War (1672-1679) p. 397
27.7 The French Raid of 1681-1685 p. 399
27.8 The Nine Year War of 1688-1697 p. 400
27.9 Their Offspring p. 400
27.9.1 Maria Catarina Declercgz (DC08e) p. 405
27.9.2 Maria Declercgz (DC08d) p. 405
27.9.2.1 The Children of Maria Declercgz (DC08d) and Egidius Vandeputte (Du Puich) p. 405
27.9.3 Joanna Catharina Declercgz (DC08b) p. 405
27.9.4 Joan Declercgz (DC08c) p. 405
27.9.4.1 Joan Declercgz (DC08c) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 406
27.9.5 Pere Declercgz (DC08) p. 406

28 Pere Declercgz (II) (DC08) & Marie Prienne p. 409
28.1 Introduction . p. 409
28.2 Don Pere Declercgz (II) (DC08) p. 409
28.3 Marie Prienne p. 409
28.4 Their Marriage p. 409
28.5 Spanish Succession War (1701-1713) p. 410
28.6 Their Offspring p. 411

29 Joan Declercq (II) (DC09) & Marie Montaigne p. 413
29.1 Introduction . p. 413
29.2 Don Joan Declercq (II) (DC09) p. 413
29.3 Marie Montaigne p. 413
29.4 Their Marriage p. 413
29.5 Their Offspring p. 413
29.6 The total destruction of 'Hof van Brussel'in 1731 . p. 413

30 Renier Declercq (DC10) & Marie Anne Therese Lombaerde p. 417
30.1 Introduction . p. 417
30.2 Renier Declercq (DC10), sometimes also referred to as Rene Declercq . p. 417
30.3 Marie Anne Therese Lombaerde p. 417
30.4 Their Marriage p. 420
30.5 Their Offspring p. 420

31 Pierre Joseph Declercq (DC11) & Barbara Therese d'Hont p. 423
31.1 Introduction . p. 423
31.2 Pierre Joseph Declercq (DC11) p. 423
31.3 Barbara Therese d'Hont p. 423
31.4 Their Marriage p. 423
31.5 Their Offspring p. 423

32 Leo Bernard Declercq (DC12) & Therese Loncke p. 431
32.1 Introduction . p. 431
32.2 Leo Bernard Declercq (DC12) p. 431
32.2.1 His Birth, Military Service and Death p. 431
32.3 Flax and linen p. 433
32.4 Therese Loncke p. 435
32.5 Their Marriage and Child . p. 435
32.6 Their Link with the Renier Family and an exciting example of Name Evolution p. 435
32.7 Their Link with the Verriest Family p. 442
32.8 Other Acquaintances . p. 444

33 Ivo Declercq (DC13) & Mathilde Van den Broucke p. 445
33.1 Introduction . p. 445
33.2 Ivo Declercq (DC13) . p. 445
33.2.1 His Birth, Military Service and Death p. 445
33.3 Mathilde Van den Broucke . p. 445
33.3.1 Her Life p. 445
33.3.2 Her Relatives . p. 445
33.4 Their Marriage p. 447
33.5 Their Offspring p. 447
33.6 The Mansion Ten Broucke in Wielsbeke p. 449
33.7 The Verriest Family p. 449
33.8 Other acquaintances . p. 449
33.9 Ivo Declercq (DC13) was well established . p. 449

34 Ernest Constant Declercq (DC14) & Marie Elodie Devenyn p. 463
34.1 Introduction . p. 463
34.2 Ernest Constant Declercq (DC14) p. 463
34.2.1 His Birth, Military Service and Death p. 463
34.2.2 The Ancestry of Ernest Constant Declercq . p. 463
34.2.3 Blood-relatives of Ernest Constant Declercq p. 463
34.3 Marie Elodie Devenyn p. 465
34.3.1 Introduction p. 465
34.3.2 Her Birth and Death p. 465
34.3.3 Life and Blood-relatives of Marie Elodie Devenyn p. 468
34.4 Their Marriage p. 473
34.5 Their Family Life and Offspring p. 473
34.5.1 Joseph Antonius Gerardus Declercq p. 476
34.5.1.1 Introduction p. 476
34.5.2 Maria Antoinette Gerarda Declercq p. 476
34.5.3 Michel Declercq (DC15) p. 481
34.5.4 Alida Maria Juliana Declercq p. 481
34.5.5 Valentine Declercq . p. 484
34.5.6 Rachelle Gabrielle Declercq p. 495
34.5.7 Esther Ernestina Godeliva Declercq p. 495
34.5.7.1 Introduction p. 495
34.5.7.2 Stijn Streuvels p. 495
34.5.7.3 Karel Jonckheere p. 495
34.5.7.4 Her Adventure in Congo 1958-1964 p. 495
34.5.7.5 Her Retirement p. 496
34.5.7.6 Her Death in 2011 p. 496
34.5.7.7 Some Memorabilia p. 496
34.5.8 Judith Flavia Maria Declercq p. 496
34.5.8.1 Introduction p. 496
34.5.8.2 Her Life and Career p. 496
34.6 Their Life as Farmers and Flax Merchants p. 496
34.6.1 Introduction p. 496
34.6.2 Plowing, Harrowing and Sowing Flax ('Ploegen, 'Eggen'or 'Rakelen'and 'Zaaien') p. 499
34.6.3 Weeding the Field . p. 499
34.6.4 The Bloom of Flax . p. 499
34.6.5 'De Mei steken' p. 500
34.6.6 Harvesting after 100 days : 'Slijten' p. 500
34.6.7 Stacking p. 500
34.6.8 Threshing ('Boten'or 'Dorsen') p. 500
34.6.9 Rippling ('Repelen') p. 501
34.6.10 Retting ('Roten') p. 501
34.7 He was an Investor p. 501
34.8 They were Ambassadors of Morality, Education, Literature and Christianity p. 501
34.8.1 Ernest Constant Declercq p. 502
34.8.2 Edward Vermeulen and Elisa Vermeulen p. 506
34.8.3 Paul Ireneus Lesage . p. 507
34.8.4 Joseph Ziller p. 508
34.8.5 Maurits Demedts p. 508
34.8.6 Georges Ista p. 508
34.8.7 Willem Elsschot p. 508
34.8.8 Karel Lateur . p. 508
34.8.9 Marcel Matthijs p. 508
34.8.10 Henriette Roland Holst p. 509
34.8.11 Marnix Gijsen . p. 509
34.8.12 Anton van Duinkerken p. 509
34.8.13 Stijn Streuvels . p. 510
34.8.14 Jan Greshoff p. 510
34.8.15 Arthur van Schendel p. 510
34.8.16 Count Maurice Lippens p. 510
34.8.17 Anna Charlotte Ruys p. 510
34.8.18 August Defresne p. 510
34.8.19 Pierre Henri Ritter . p. 511
34.8.20 Baron Leon Leander Bekaert p. 511
34.8.21 Baron Leon Antoine Bekaert p. 511
34.8.22 Other persons and some concluding remarks about the banquet picture of 1933 p. 511
34.9 Friendship with the family of Andre and Gabrielle Demedts . p. 512
34.10 The Bekaert family p. 512
34.11 The Influence of Hugo Verriest p. 512
34.12 The family of Van der Bruggen & de Nieulant et de Pottelsberghe p. 514
34.13 The De Clerck & Lauwers Family p. 514
34.14 The Lambrecht Family p. 514
34.15 The Van den Broucke Family p. 514
34.16 Other acquaintances in Wielsbeke and Meulebeke . p. 524

35 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) & Irma Helena Lesage p. 527
35.1 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 527
35.1.1 Introduction, his Birth and Death . p. 527
35.1.2 His Early Youth p. 529
35.1.3 His Education . p. 539
35.1.4 His Friendship with Andre and Gabrielle Demedts p. 539
35.1.5 His Career as a Flax Merchant p. 540
35.1.5.1 retting p. 540
35.1.5.2 Drying p. 540
35.1.5.3 Breaking flax p. 541
35.1.5.4 Scutching flax p. 541
35.1.5.5 Hackling flax p. 541
35.1.5.6 Textile: Spinning and Weaving and how this process moved to neighbouring areas p. 541
35.1.6 His Acquaintance with the Bekaert Family . p. 542
35.1.7 Other acquaintances of Michel Declercq p. 542
35.2 Irma Helena Lesage p. 542
35.2.1 Introduction, Birth and Death p. 542
35.2.2 The early days in Moorslede p. 542
35.2.3 Her stay at Oudezeele during WWI p. 547
35.2.4 Her Post-WWI Life in the Devastated Front Zone p. 547
35.2.5 Acquaintances of Irma Lesage p. 547
35.3 The Marriage of Michel Declercq & Irma Lesage p. 555
35.4 The Honeymoon Years in Wielsbeke p. 555
35.5 The Rugged WWII Years in Deerlijk p. 555
35.6 A new life at Sint Lodewijk in Deerlijk p. 556
35.7 Michel Declercq the Widower p. 556
35.8 The Family Tomb p. 556
35.9 Additional Acquaintances of the Family p. 557
35.10 Some Memorabilia p. 557
35.11 Their Offspring p. 568

36 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 571
36.1 Introduction . p. 571
36.2 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) p. 571
36.2.1 Introduction, his Birth and Death . p. 571
36.2.2 Spring: his Early life p. 572
36.2.3 The Death of his Mother p. 572
36.2.4 A Period when he was Temporary Bedridden p. 580
36.2.5 His Military Service . p. 580
36.2.6 His Nearly Deadly Accident in 1961 p. 581
36.2.7 Summer: his Marriage p. 582
36.2.8 His Passion for Sports and Fast Cars p. 586
36.2.9 His Passion for Baking Waffles p. 586
36.2.10 Acquaintances . p. 586
36.2.11 His Career p. 587
36.2.12 His godfather Daniel Lesage p. 587
36.2.13 His Son and Grandchildren p. 587
36.2.14 Autumn: Happiness p. 587
36.3 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 593
36.3.1 Introduction p. 593
36.3.2 Her Childhood p. 593
36.3.3 Her Youth p. 593
36.3.4 Her Marriage and Family p. 593
36.3.5 Her Career p. 593

37 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) & Shirani de Silva p. 601
37.1 Introduction . p. 601
37.2 Nico Declercq (DC17) p. 601
37.3 Shirani de Silva p. 601
37.4 Youngest Declercq Generation p. 601

38 The Maternal Desclergue Ancestry Branch beginning with Joana Catharina Declercgz (DC08b) and Joannes De Vos p. 607
38.1 Introduction . p. 607
38.2 A DNA Investigation . p. 607
38.3 Joana Catharina Declercgz (DC08b) p. 607
38.3.1 Link between Desclergue, De Vos and Maes (Mas / de la Maza) p. 613
38.3.2 The Vercruyce and Van der Gracht Families in a document of King Felipe IV of Spain p. 614
38.4 Joannes De Vos, or Joan de Poch p. 614
38.4.1 The First Marriage of Joannes De Vos in Spain, to Maria Anna (de Portea y) Roure p. 616
38.4.2 The Second Marriage of Joannes De Vos in Harelbeke (Flanders - Belgium), to Joana Declercgz (DC08b) p. 617
38.4.3 The Children of Joannes De Vos and Catharina Declercgz (DC08b) p. 617
38.4.3.1 Martina De Vos (DC08bx1) p. 617
38.4.3.2 Maria Magdalena De Vos (DC08bx2) . p. 617
38.4.3.3 Joannes Baptiste De Vos (DC08by1) . p. 617
38.4.3.4 Maria Anna De Vos (DC08bx3) p. 618
38.4.3.5 Petrus De Vos (DC08by2) p. 618
38.5 Petrus De Vos (DC08by2) . p. 618
38.5.1 His Birth, Life and Death p. 618
38.5.2 Elizabeth De Mets, the First Wife of Petrus De Vos (DC08by2), and their Children p. 622
38.5.2.1 Elizabeth De Mets'Birth and Death p. 622
38.5.2.2 Their Marriage and Children p. 622
38.5.3 Hendrica Theresia Depoorter, the Second Wife of Petrus De Vos (DC08by2), and their Children p. 622
38.5.3.1 Hendrica Theresia Depoorter's birth and death p. 622
38.5.3.2 Their Marriage and Children p. 622
38.6 Petrus Franciscus Josephus De Vos (DC08by2y1) . p. 622
38.7 Petrus Franciscus De Vos (DC08by2y1y1) & Marie Agnes Vanhaezebrouck p. 622
38.7.1 Petrus Franciscus De Vos p. 626
38.7.2 Marie Agnes Vanhaezebrouck p. 626
38.7.3 Their Marriage p. 626
38.8 Louis De Vos (DC08by2y1y1y1) & Eugenie Libbrecht . p. 626
38.8.1 Louis De Vos . p. 626
38.8.2 Eugenie Libbrecht p. 626
38.8.3 Their Marriage p. 626
38.8.4 Their Offspring p. 628
38.9 Marie Louise De Vos (DC08by2y1y1y1x1) & Theophile Verhaeghe p. 628
38.9.1 Marie Louise De Vos p. 628
38.9.2 Theophile Verhaeghe p. 628
38.9.2.1 Introduction and some Basic Facts p. 628
38.9.2.2 The life of Theophile Verhaeghe p. 630
38.9.2.3 The Ancestors of Theophile Verhaeghe p. 630
38.9.2.3.1 Bernard Verhaeghe p. 631
38.9.2.3.2 Jean Baptiste Verhaeghe . p. 631
38.9.2.3.2.1 Jean Baptiste Verhaeghe p. 635
38.9.2.3.2.2 Maria Joanna Angela Rigolle p. 635
38.9.2.3.2.3 Their Marriage p. 635
38.9.2.3.3 Antonius Verhaeghe p. 635
38.9.2.3.3.1 Antonius Verhaeghe (V01) p. 635
38.9.2.3.3.2 Maria Josepha Corneille p. 635
38.9.2.3.3.3 Their Marriage p. 635
38.9.2.3.4 Edouard Verhaeghe (V02) & Ursula Baert p. 635
38.9.2.3.4.1 Edouard Verhaeghe (V02) p. 635
38.9.2.3.4.2 Ursula Baert p. 635
38.9.2.3.4.3 Their Marriage p. 635
38.9.3 The Marriage of Theophile Verhaeghe & Marie Louise De Vos . p. 637
38.9.4 Their Offspring, Entrepreneurship and the France and Brussels link. p. 637
38.9.5 Offspring, Entrepreneurship and the link to France and Brussels. p. 637
38.9.5.1 Seraphin Rene Verhaeghe & Rachelle Demeyere p. 639
38.9.5.2 Elisa Clara & Clothilde Verhaeghe p. 639
38.9.5.3 Elodie Marie Eeckhout, a courageous woman, wife of Medardus Verhaeghe p. 639
38.9.5.4 Maurice Florimond Verhaeghe p. 650
38.9.5.4.1 Introduction p. 650
38.9.5.4.2 Birth in Harelbeke and the family that settled in Deerlijk p. 650
38.9.5.4.3 Soldier during WWI p. 650
38.9.5.4.4 Distinctions p. 654
38.9.5.4.5 Meanwhile, at the Homefront in Deerlijk p. 654
38.9.5.4.6 Life after the WWI p. 660
38.9.5.5 Other Descendants of Theophile Verhaeghe and Marie Louise de Vos
38.10 The Verhaeghe family: liberal entrepreneurs, pioneers of socialism, activities in the resistance during WWI and WWII, and pathfinders of good public education p. 660
38.10.1 The importance of Deerlijk p. 660
38.10.2 The personages in the Verhaeghe network. p. 664
38.10.3 Espionage during WWI p. 664
38.10.4 The Network during WWII p. 664
38.10.5 The WWII Resistance of the Last Semester p. 666
38.10.6 Andre Verhaeghe before and after WWII p. 667
38.11 Zozyma Zulma Verhaeghe . p. 670
38.11.1 Zozyma Zulma Verhaeghe p. 670
38.11.1.1 Introduction p. 670
38.11.1.2 Her Youth . p. 670
38.11.1.3 The First World War p. 670
38.11.1.4 Their Marriage p. 670
38.11.1.5 Life in Pictures and Key Facts p. 670
38.11.2 Gerard Vangheluwe . p. 670
38.12 Rene Vangheluwe & Anna Den Dauw p. 673
38.12.1Rene Vangheluwe p. 673
38.12.1.1 Introduction p. 673
38.12.1.2 His Personality p. 673
38.12.1.3 A Life in Pictures p. 673
38.12.1.4 Some of his Acquaintances p. 673
38.12.2 Anna Den Dauw p. 680
38.12.2.1 Introduction p. 680
38.12.2.2 Her youth . p. 680
38.12.2.3 Some of her Acquaintances p. 680
38.12.2.4 Mother and Grandmother p. 680
38.13 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 680
38.13.1 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 680
38.13.2 Maurice Alois Declercq p. 680
38.14 Nico Felicien Declercq p. 680

39 Desclergue, ancient ancestors p. 681
39.1 Introduction . p. 681
39.2 Antich Desclergue in Lleida p. 682
39.3 Benedicto Desclergue in Barcelona p. 682
39.4 Benet Desclergue in Tarragona p. 682
39.5 Bernat Desclergue in Cervera p. 682
39.6 Bonaventura Desclergue in Balaguer p. 682
39.7 Francesc Desclergue in Barcelona p. 682
39.8 Gabriel Desclergue in Granvena & Lleida p. 683
39.9 Geronimo Desclergue in Cervera & Barcelona p. 683
39.10 Joan Desclergue in Cervera & Barcelona p. 683
39.11 Joan Berenger Desclergue in Montblanc p. 683
39.12 Nicolau Desclergue in Manresa p. 683
39.13 Pere Desclergue in Montblanc, 1450 p. 683
39.14 Pere Desclergue in Montblanc, 1359 p. 683
39.15 Raimundo Berenguer Desclergue in Barcelona p. 684

V de Silva ancestry

(page 709)
(page 709) Sculpture of Juan Carvalho de Silva in the wall of the convent next to the Cathedral de Se at Goa in India.



40 The Island of Sri Lanka, pearl of the Indian Ocean p. 687

41 Fortresses and settlements in Goa and Sri Lanka and the appearance of Iberian names p. 691
41.1 Introduction . p. 691

42 Recent family history of Shirani de Silva p. 697
42.1 Introduction . p. 697
42.2 The appearance of Lambda and Delta in tombstones, buildings and churches at Goa
42.3 Alvaro de Carvalho, the son of Alvar Garcia Bejarano and Mencia Gonzalez de Carvalho, the eldest known paternal ancestor of Shirani de Silva . p. 705
42.3.1 Alvaro de Carvalho & Leonor de la Torre p. 708
42.3.2 Diego de Carvalho & Elvira de Toledo p. 708
42.3.3 Antonio de Carvalho & Teresa de Mendoza . p. 708
42.3.4 Honorato de Carvalho & Maria de Silva p. 708
42.4 Concerning the Carvalho family in the Extremadura p. 708
42.5 The Ancestors of Maria de Silva and her Family connection in Portuguese India p. 709
42.5.1 Maria de Silva & Honorato de Carvalho p. 709
42.5.2 Pere de Cantabria p. 711
42.5.3 Fruela Perez de Cantabria & Ozenda p. 711
42.5.4 Bermudo I de Asturias & Uzenda Nunilona . p. 711
42.5.5 Ramiro I of Asturias & Urraca p. 711
42.5.6 Ordono I de Asturias & Nuna p. 711
42.5.7 Alfonso III de Asturias & Jimena de Asturias . p. 711
42.5.8 Fruela II de Leon p. 711
42.5.9 Anznar Fruela . p. 711
42.5.10 Ximeno Fruela p. 711
42.5.11 Pelayo Pelaez . p. 711
42.5.12 Gutierre Pelaez, the Lord of Alderete y de Silva p. 711
42.5.13 Pelayo Gutierrez de Silva p. 711
42.5.14 Gomez Paez de Silva p. 711
42.5.15 Pelayo Gomez de Silva & Maria Fernandes de Novoa . p. 711
42.5.16 Gomez Paez de Silva (II) & Maria Ruiz de Caldelas p. 711
42.5.17 Martin Gomez de Silva & Teresa Garcia de Seabra p. 712
42.5.18 Aires Gomez de Silva & Urraca Tenorio p. 712
42.5.19 Alfonso Tenoria de Silva & Guiomar de Meneses p. 712
42.5.20 Don Juan (I) de Silva & Leonor de Acuna . p. 712
42.5.20.1 Alonso de Silva (Conde de Cifuentes 1429-1469) p. 712
42.5.20.1.1 Juan de Silva & Catalina Alvarez de Toledo . p. 712
42.5.20.1.2 Rodrigo de Silva y Castaneda p. 712
42.5.20.1.3 Alonso de Silva . p. 712
42.5.20.1.4 Pere de Silva p. 712
42.5.20.1.5 Lope de Silva p. 712
42.5.20.1.6 Leonor de Silva . p. 712
42.5.20.1.7 Maria Gomez de Silva p. 712
42.5.20.1.8 Luis Pacheco de Silva p. 712
42.5.20.1.9 Juan Pacheco p. 712
42.5.20.1.10 Ana de Silva p. 712
42.5.20.2 Leonor de Silva p. 712
42.5.20.3 Pere de Silva p. 712
42.5.20.4 Francisca de Silva y Rivera p. 712
42.5.20.4.1 Juan Hurtado de Mendoza p. 712
42.5.20.4.2 Diego Hurtado de Mendoza . p. 712
42.5.20.4.3 Rodrigo de Mendoza p. 712
42.5.20.4.4 Pere Gonzales de Mendoza p. 712
42.5.20.4.5 Garcia Manrique p. 712
42.5.20.4.6 Francisco de Mendoza p. 712
42.5.20.4.7 Maria de Mendoza p. 712
42.5.20.4.8 Ines Manrique de Mendoza . p. 712
42.5.20.4.9 Juana de Mendoza p. 712
42.5.20.4.10 Teresa de Mendoza p. 712
42.5.21 Juan de Rivera y Silva p. 713
42.5.21.1 Garcia de Toledo p. 713
42.5.21.2 Alonso Suarez de Toledo . p. 713
42.5.21.3 Pere de Silva p. 713
42.5.21.4 Diego de Rivera de Toledo p. 713
42.5.21.5 Francesc Suarez de Toledo y Silva . p. 713
42.5.21.6 Ines de Rivera y Silva p. 713
42.5.21.7 Francisca de Silva p. 713
42.5.21.8 Guiomar de Silva p. 713
42.5.22 Fernando de Silva y Rivera & Maria de Zuniga . p. 713
42.5.22.0.1 Pere de Silva y Rivera & Elvira Portocarrero y Guzm?ana p. 713
42.5.22.0.2 Isabel de Silva & Manuel Gomez de Porrez y Valmediano p. 713
42.5.22.0.3 Francisca de Silva & Juan de Ribadeneyra y Mendoza p. 713
42.5.22.0.4 Maria de Silva . p. 713
42.5.23 Maria de Silva & Honorato de Carvalho p. 713
42.5.24 Juan Carvalho de Silva p. 713
42.5.25 The two sons of Juan Carvalho de Silva p. 714
42.6 Further evidence of the Carvalho family at Goa p. 714
42.7 Zameer Khan's insights on Portuguese Burghers p. 714
42.8 Luso Indians and Evidence in Uduwara, Sri Lanka . p. 714
42.9 Link with Goa in India p. 716
42.9.1 de Silva Governors of Goa p. 716
42.9.1.1 Pero da Silva p. 716
42.9.1.2 Joao da Silva p. 716
42.9.2 Other de Silvas in Goa p. 718
42.9.2.1 Luis de Silva Barreto p. 718
42.9.2.2 Edouard Sylva p. 718
42.9.2.3 Melchior de Sylva p. 718
42.9.2.4 Pedro de Sylva p. 718
42.9.3 Other de Silvas in Sri Lanka p. 718
42.10 The Particular Connection between Shirani de Silva, Francisco de Almeida and Lorenzo de Almeida p. 718
42.11 Early Presence of de Silvas in Sri Lanka. p. 720

43 The appearance of the Portuguese and the Establishment of the Portuguese Kingdom of Kotte p. 723
43.1 Introduction . p. 723
43.2 The Rulers of Kotte and Successors of Interest p. 723
43.2.1 Dharma Parakramabahu IX of Kotte p. 723
43.2.2 Vijayabahu of Kotte p. 723
43.2.3 Bhuvanaikabahu VII of Kotte p. 724
43.2.4 Dom Joao Dharmapala Peria Bandara of Kotte p. 724
43.2.5 Mayadunne of Sitawaka p. 725
43.2.6 Tikiri Bandara or Rajasingha I of Sitawaka . p. 725
43.2.7 Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy and Dom Felipe p. 725
43.2.7.1 Vimaladharmasuriya I of Kandy . p. 725
43.2.7.2 Nikapitiya Bandara of Sitawaka p. 725
43.2.8 Senarat of Kandy p. 725
43.2.9 Rajasinha II of Kandy p. 726
43.3 The Approach and Arrival of Portuguese until Establishment of the Portuguese Kingdom of Kotte p. 726
43.3.1 Explorations and Navigation that Paved the Road to Sri Lanka p. 728
43.3.2 The Blood-Relatives of de Silva who became involved in the Quest for India and Sri Lanka p. 738
43.3.3 The Arrival of the de Silva Family in Goa . p. 739
43.3.4 The Arrival of the de Silva Family in Sri Lanka p. 739
43.3.5 The Portuguese Settling in Sri Lanka p. 740
43.3.6 The First 'Feitoria'in Colombo p. 740
43.3.7 The First Troubles between the Portuguese and the Locals p. 741
43.3.8 The Construction of the first Fortress in Colombo in 1518 p. 741
43.3.9 The Construction of a Stronger Fortress in Colombo in 1519 p. 742
43.3.10 The Portuguese and their Involvements in the Kingdom of Kotte p. 742
43.3.11 The Dismantling of the Fortress in 1524 to Preserve the Peace with Kotte p. 742
43.3.12 The Weakened Colombo was under Attack by Muslims from 1525 onwards p. 742
43.3.13 Rescue of Kotte by the Portuguese from Goa in 1538 . p. 743
43.3.14 The Crown of Portugal steadily became the Heir of the Throne of Kotte p. 743
43.4 About Samara de Cunha y Rala ('Samarakoon') p. 744
43.5 Portuguese Ceylon p. 744

44 The construction of the Uduwara fortress in Sri Lanka by Antonio Carvalho de Silva p. 747
44.1 Introduction p. 747
44.2 About the Name Uduwara p. 747
44.3 A Narrative Largely Based on M. G. Francis p. 747
44.4 A Narrative Largely Based on O. M. da Silva Cosme p. 753
44.5 A Narrative Largely Based on P. E. Peiris p. 756

45 The period 1597-1617 p. 761
45.1 A Narrative Largely Based on O. M. da Silva Cosme . p. 761
45.2 A Narrative Largely Based on P.E. Peiris . p. 763

46 The Critical Voice p. 769
46.1 Portuguese propaganda p. 769
46.2 McGilvray on the Portuguese in Sri Lanka p. 769

47 The Karava and Salagama caste and the origins of the Olupathage Family p. 771
47.1 Introduction . p. 771
47.2 The House of the Heads p. 771
47.3 On Sri Lankan Caste System p. 772
47.4 The Karava and Salagama Castes p. 772
47.4.1 Introduction p. 775
47.4.2 Ancestral Names of Karava p. 778
47.4.3 Karava and Salagama Customs p. 778
47.4.3.1 Karava and Salagama Births and Up-Growing p. 778
47.4.3.2 Karava and Salagama Weddings p. 778
47.4.3.3 Karava and Salagama Funerals p. 779

48 Uduwara: the Ancestral Village of Shirani de Silva in Sri Lanka p. 781
48.1 Introduction . p. 781
48.2 The Geographic Situation . p. 781
48.3 A Brief Recapitulation of Local History and Construction of a Fortress at Uduwara by Antonio Carvalho de Silva p. 781
48.4 An Archeological investigation of the Fortress of Uduwara p. 783
48.4.1 Similarities with other Portuguese Colonial Mansions and Homes p. 783
48.4.2 ts Strategic Location along the Kalu Ganga River p. 784
48.4.3 Fortress Wall Remains and Access to Kalu Ganga River p. 784
48.4.4 The House of the Heads: a Polyvalent Building for Governance, Trade and a Gunpowder Factory p. 784
48.4.4.1 Ornaments p. 784
48.4.4.2 East side Ornament revealing a seat of governance p. 48.4.4.3 The other walls depict the story of the arrival of the de Silva family from Goa, symbolised by an abundance of head-shaped figurines p. 785
48.5 Style of the Sculptures on the House of the Heads . p. 785
48.6 Other Remaining Constructions on the Site p. 785
48.6.1 The Gate at Uduwara to resemble Goa p. 788
48.6.2 Other Noteworthy items p. 788
48.7 Remaining Portuguese houses nearby p. 788

49 Richmond Castle p. 799
49.1 Introduction . p. 799
49.2 Appuhamilage Arthur de Silva constructed it p. 799

VI Other ancestry lines

(page 1056)
(page 1056) Charles Philippe de Patin with two original versions of his book Mare Liberum.





50 The Lesage Ancestry line p. 805
50.1 Introduction . p. 805
50.2 Joannes Lesage (LS02) & Petronella Magerman p. 805
50.2.1 Joannes Lesage (LS02) p. 805
50.2.2 Petronella Magerman p. 805
50.2.3 Their Marriage p. 805
50.2.4 Their Children p. 805
50.3 Jean Baptiste Joseph Lesage (LS03) & Jeanne Claire Van Oost p. 805
50.3.1 Jean Lesage p. 805
50.3.2 Jeanne Claire Van Oost p. 805
50.3.3 Their Marriage p. 805
50.4 Jean Lesage (LS04) & Barbe Therese Reynaert p. 805
50.4.1 Jean Lesage p. 805
50.4.2 Barbara Therese Reynaert p. 805
50.4.3 Their Marriage p. 809
50.5 Louis Francois Lesage (LS05) & Rosalie Dewanckele p. 809
50.5.1 Louis Francois Lesage p. 809
50.5.2 Rosalie Dewanckele . p. 809
50.5.3 Their Marriage p. 809
50.5.4 Their Acquaintances and some Memorabilia p. 809
50.6 Emile Theophile Lesage & Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 814
50.6.1 Emile Theophile Lesage p. 814
50.6.1.1 Introduction p. 814
50.6.1.2 Birth and childhood p. 814
50.6.1.3 His Military Service p. 814
50.6.1.4 Whereabouts in Peace and War p. 814
50.6.1.5 The WWI experience p. 814
50.6.1.5.1 Ledegem p. 814
50.6.1.5.2 Wielsbeke p. 815
50.6.1.5.3 Meanwhile in Emile Lesage's birthplace p. 818
50.6.1.6 His wife's death and his role as a widower p. 818
50.6.1.7 His Death p. 818
50.6.1.8 Selected memorabilia p. 818
50.6.2 Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 818
50.6.2.1 Introduction p. 818
50.6.2.2 Military blood p. 828
50.6.2.3 Birth and Childhood p. 828
50.6.2.4 Whereabouts in peacetime p. 828
50.6.2.5 Residence at Oudezeele during WWI p. 828
50.6.2.6 Devastations during WWI and rehabilitation of the area where Eudoxie was rooted p. 829
50.6.2.6.1 Devastations during WWI p. 829
50.6.2.6.2 Rehabilitation of the area after WWI p. 829
50.6.2.7 Human loss during WWI p. 830
50.6.2.7.1 Cyrille Camille Lesage p. 830
50.6.2.7.2 Hector Alidor Lesage p. 830
50.6.2.7.3 Paul Lesage p. 830
50.6.2.7.4 Gerard Lesage p. 830
50.6.2.7.5 Maurice Cyrille Willaert p. 830
50.6.2.8 The death of Eudoxie Lammens p. 830
50.6.3 The marriage of Emile Theophile Lesage and Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 830
50.6.4 Acquaintances of Emile Theophile Lesage and Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 830
50.6.4.1 Acquaintance Edward Vermeulen p. 830
50.6.4.2 Other Acquaintances p. 835
50.7 The Offspring of Emile Lesage and Eudoxie Lammens p. 835
50.7.1 Cyrille Camille Lesage p. 835
50.7.1.1 Introduction p. 835
50.7.1.2 His Birth p. 838
50.7.1.3 His Early life p. 838
50.7.1.4 His Military Career before WWI p. 840
50.7.1.5 His Civil Life just before WWI p. 840
50.7.1.6 His Military Career during WWI p. 840
50.7.1.6.1 The mobilisation p. 842
50.7.1.6.2 The Gette river p. 847
50.7.1.6.3 The fortifications of Antwerp p. 848
50.7.1.6.4 Eppeghem p. 849
50.7.1.6.5 Pont Brule p. 849
50.7.1.6.6 Retreat to the coast p. 852
50.7.1.6.7 The Yser Battle p. 852
50.7.1.7 His Death in Paris and Burial at P`ere Lachaise p. 856
50.7.1.8 Other Memorials Honouring Cyrille Lesage p. 856
50.7.1.9 The Medals of Cyrille Lesage p. 856
50.7.2 Alida Lesage p. 856
50.7.3 Martha Lesage p. 856
50.7.3.1 Introduction p. 856
50.7.3.2 Her Birth and Youth p. 856
50.7.3.3 Her Death p. 861
50.7.3.4 Her Descendants p. 861
50.7.4 Amandine Lesage p. 861
50.7.4.1 Her Birth and Early Life p. 861
50.7.4.2 Her Marriage and Death p. 861
50.7.5 Gerard Medard Lesage p. 861
50.7.5.1 Introduction p. 861
50.7.5.2 Birth and Childhood p. 861
50.7.5.3 His Military Career p. 861
50.7.5.4 His Marriage with Magdalena Meersseman p. 865
50.7.6 Hector Lesage p. 865
50.7.6.1 Introduction p. 865
50.7.6.2 Birth and Childhood p. 865
50.7.6.3 His Residence at Oudezeele in France p. 865
50.7.6.4 His Military Career p. 868
50.7.6.5 His Death and Burial at Houthulst Military Cemetery p. 868
50.7.6.6 His Distinctions p. 868
50.7.6.7 His Military Records p. 869
50.7.7 Maria Magdalena Lesage p. 870
50.7.7.1 Introduction p. 870
50.7.7.2 Her Birth p. 870
50.7.7.3 Marie Magdalena Lesage and her husband Jules Maesen p. 870
50.7.7.4 Her Death p. 870
50.7.7.5 Their Offspring p. 870
50.7.8 Paul Lesage p. 872
50.7.8.1 Introduction p. 872
50.7.8.2 His Birth p. 874
50.7.8.3 About Petrus Jules Herpoelaert p. 874
50.7.8.4 His Marriage and Offspring p. 874
50.7.8.5 About Joseph Ziller p. 878
50.7.9 Godelieve Angela Lesage p. 878
50.7.9.1 A Brief Description p. 878
50.7.9.2 Her Marriage and Offspring p. 878
50.7.9.3 her Death p. 878
50.7.9.4 Some Memorabilia p. 878
50.7.10 Irma Helena Lesage p. 878
50.7.11 Oscar Petrus Lesage p. 879
50.7.11.1 His Birth and Youth p. 879
50.7.11.2 His Marriage and Offspring p. 879
50.7.11.3 His Military Service during the Interbellum and WWII p. 879
50.7.11.4 His Death p. 880
50.7.11.5 Some Memorabilia p. 880
50. 7.12 Daniel Abel Lesage p. 885
50.7.12.1 Introduction p. 885
50.7.12.2 Birth and Early Childhood p. 885
50.7.12.3 His Childhood in Oudezeele during WWI p. 885
50.7.12.4 The Time at Beitem p. 885
50.7.12.5 His Love Affair with Valentine Declercq p. 889
50.7.12.6 His Marriage with Magdalena Meersseman p. 889
50.7.12.7 His godchild Maurice Declercq p. 897
50.7.12.8 His Career as a Farmer p. 897
50.7.12.9 The Death of his Wife and the Decision to move to the Elderly Home p. 898
50.7. 12.10 His Move to Deerlijk p. 898
50.7.12.11 His Death p. 898
50.7.12.12 Some Acquaintances p. 898
50.7.12.13 Some Memorabilia p. 898
50.8. Irma Helena Lesage & Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq p. 898
50.8.1 Irma Helena Lesage p. 898
50.8.2 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 898
50.8.3 Their Marriage p. 899
50.9. Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 899
50.9.1 Maurice Declercq (DC16) p. 899
50.9.2 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 899
50.10 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) & Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 899
50.10.1 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) p. 899
50.10.2 Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 899

51 Ancestry line de Patin p. 901
51.1 Introduction p. 901
51.2 Raoul de Patin (DP01) & Guyotte de Hames p. 902
51.2.1 Raoul de Patin p. 902
51.2.2 Guyotte de Hames p. 904
51.2.3 Their descendants p. 904
51.2.4 Catherine de Patin & Jan van Dadizeele p. 904
51.2.5 Jan van Dadizele & Catherine Breydel p. 904
51.3 Richard de Patin (DP02) p. 904
51.3.1 Wautier de Patin or Gauthier de Patin (DP03b) p. 904
51.4 Pierre de Patin (DP03) & Mathilde p. 907
51.4.1 Pierre de Patin p. 907
51.4.2 Mathilde p. 907
51.4.3 Their Children p. 907
51.5 Martin or Wautier de Patin (DP04) & Attente Peronne p. 907
51.5.1 Wautier de Patin (DP05b) & Maria van der Gracht p. 907
51.5.1.1 Gilles de Patin (DP05by) p. 907
51.5.1.2 Marie de Patin (DP05bx) p. 907
51.5.2 Josine de Patin (DP05c) & Heylaert van Moorslede p. 908
51.6 Jean de Patin (DP05) & Jeanne van Lauwe de Lede p. 908
51.6.1 Jean de Patin p. 908
51.6.2 Jeanne van Lauwe de Lede p. 908
51.6.3 Jean de Patin (DP06c) & Willemina de Keyzer p. 909
51.6.4 Simon de Patin (DP06d) p. 909
51.7 Cornil de Patin (DP06) & N. Pype p. 909
51.7.1 Cornil de Patin p. 909
51.7.2 N. Pype p. 909
51.7.3 Their Children p. 909
51.7.3.1 Georgine de Patin (DP07e) & Jaspar van der Woestine p. 909
51.8 Michel de Patin (DP07) & Proese Ambrosine vanden Berghe . p. 909
51.8.0.1 Michel de Patin p. 910
51.9 Josse de Patin (DP08) & N. van de Casteele p. 910
51.9.0.1 Josse de Patin (DP08) p. 910
51.10 Denis de Patin (DP09) & Katrien van Pamele p. 910
51.10.0.1 Denis de Patin (DP09) p. 910
51.11 Pierre de Patin (DP10) & Catherine Bossette p. 910
51.11.1 Pierre de Patin (DP10) p. 910
51.11.2 Catherine Bossette . p. 910
51.11.3 Their Children p. 910
51.12 Pierre de Patin (DP11) & Marie Douchy . p. 910
51.12.1 Pierre de Patin (DP11) p. 910
51.12.2 Marie Douchy . p. 911
51.12.3 Their Children p. 911
51.12.3.1 Pierre de Patin (DP12a) & Joanna Clerbaudt p. 911
51.12.3.1.1 Judocus Andries de Patin (DP12ay1) & Maria Delvael p. 911
51.12.3.1.2 Pierre de Patin (DP12ay2) & Maria Anna van Eecke p. 911
51.12.3.1.3 Katrien de Patin (DP12ax) . p. 911
51.12.3.1.4 Benedict de Patin (DP12ay3) & Katrien Bekaert p. 911
51.12.3.2 Philippe de Patin (DP12b) & Anne-Therese Vermeersch p. 912
51.12.3.3 Jacques de Patin (DP12c) & Marie Magdalena De Hondt p. 912
51.12.3.4 Marie de Patin (DP12d) & Joris Vermeersch . p. 912
51.12.3.5 Hubert de Patin (DP12e) & Josine Verscheure p. 912
51.12.3.5.1 Hubert de Patin (DP12ey1) & Petronelle Huyghe p. 912
51.12.3.5.2 Pierre de Patin (DP12ey2) & Joanna Vangheluwe p. 912
51.12.3.5.3 Josine-Therese de Patin (DP12ex1) & Antoine van Tomme p. 912
51.12.3.5.4 Jean-Baptiste de Patin (DP12ey3) & Anna-Clara de Brouwere p. 913
51.12.3.5.4.1 Hubert de Patin (DP12ey3y1) & Pieternel-Francisca Larmuseau p. 913
51.12.3.5.4.2 Jean-Bernard de Patin (DP12ey3y2) & Maria-Angelica van den Berghe p. 913
51.12.3.6 Rogerius de Patin (DP12f) p. 913
51.12.3.7 Catherine de Patin (DP12g) p. 915
51.12.3.8 Catherine de Patin (DP12h) p. 915
51.13 Marinus Vermeersch & Adrienne de Patin (DP12) . p. 915
51.13.1 Adrienne de Patin . p. 915
51.13.2 Marinus Vermeersch p. 915
51.14 Nathalis Vermeersch (DP12V01) & Marie Jeanne Dael p. 915
51.14.1 Nathalis Vermeersch p. 915
51.14.2 Marie Jeanne Dael . p. 915
51.14.3 Their Marriage p. 915
51.15 Joseph Vermeersch (DP12V02) & Marie Anne Claire Pennet . p. 916
51.15.1Joseph Vermeersch . p. 916
51.15.2 Marie Claire Pennet p. 916
51.15.3 Their Marriage p. 916
51.16 Marie Jeanne Claire Vermeersch (DP12V03) & Charles Ignace Dewanckele p. 916
51.16.1 Marie Jeanne Claire Vermeersch p. 916
51.16.2 Charles Ignace Dewanckele p. 916
51.16.3 Their Marriage p. 916
51.16.4 Their Offspring p. 916
51.16.4.1 Pierre Charles Dewanckele p. 916
51.16.4.2 Eugene Dewanckele p. 916
51.16.4.2.1 Introduction p. 916
51.17 Pierre Charles Dewanckele & Barbara Goddyn p. 920
51.17.1 Pierre Charles Dewanckele p. 920
51.17.2 Barbara Goddyn p. 920
51.17.3 Their Marriage p. 920
51.18 Rosalie Dewanckele & Louis Francois Lesage (LS05) p. 920
51.18.1 Rosalie Dewanckele . p. 920
51.18.2 Louis Francois Lesage p. 920
51.18.3 Their Marriage p. 922
51.19 Emile Theophile Lesage & Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 922
51.19.1 Emile Theophile Lesage (LS05) p. 922
51.19.2 Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 922
51.19.3 Their Marriage p. 922
51.19.4 Their Children p. 922
51.20 Irma Helena Lesage (LS06) & Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) . p. 922
51.20.1 Irma Helena Lesage . p. 924
51.20.2 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 924
51.20.3 Their Marriage p. 924
51.21 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 924
51.21.1 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) p. 924
51.21.2 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 924
51.22 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) & Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 924
51.22.1 Nico Declercq (DC17) p. 927
51.22.2 Shirani de Silva p. 927

52 The Benoit Ancestry lines p. 929
52.1 The Benoit Ancestry line , Declercq Branch p. 929
52.1.1 Introduction p. 929
52.1.2 Gilles Benoit & ega Gilles Benoit . p. 929
52.1.2.1 Gilles Benoit p. 929
52.1.2.2 ega Gilles Benoit p. 929
52.1.2.3 Their Marriage p. 929
52.1.3 Olivier Benoit & Jane Waeye p. 929
52.1.3.1 Olivier Benoit p. 929
52.1.3.2 Jane Waeye p. 929
52.1.3.3 Their Marriage p. 929
52.1.4 Jean Benoit & Vandewalle p. 929
52.1.4.1 Jean Benoit p. 929
52.1.4.2 Vandewalle p. 934
52.1.4.3 Their Marriage p. 934
52.1.5 Olivier Benoit & Tack p. 934
52.1.5.1 Olivier Benoit p. 934
52.1.5.2 Tack . p. 934
52.1.5.3 Their Marriage p. 934
52.1.6 Pierre Benoit & Jeanne Waelkens . p. 934
52.1.6.1 Pierre Benoit p. 934
52.1.6.2 Jeanne Waelkens p. 934
52.1.6.3 Their Marriage p. 934
52.1.7 Jean Benoit & Catheline Deschietere p. 934
52.1.7.1 Jean Benoit p. 934
52.1.7.2 Catheline Deschietere p. 934
52.1.7.3 Their Marriage p. 934
52.1.8 Joos Benoit & Jeanne Debackere . p. 934
52.1.8.1 Joos Benoit p. 934
52.1.8.2 Jeanne Debackere p. 934
52.1.8.3 Their Marriage p. 934
52.1.9 Pierre Benoit & Josine Calmeyn p. 934
52.1.9.1 Pierre Benoit p. 934
52.1.9.2 Josine Calmeyn p. 934
52.1.9.3 Their Marriage p. 935
52.1.10 Judocus Benoit & Jeanne Vancaesele p. 935
52.1.10.1 Judocus Benoit p. 935
52.1.10.2 Jeanne Vancaesele p. 935
52.1.10.3 Their Marriage p. 935
52.1.11 Charles Benoit & Marie Lammertyn p. 935
52.1.11.1 Charles Benoit p. 935
52.1.11.2 Marie Lammertyn p. 935
52.1.11.3 Their Marriage p. 935
52.1.12 Christiaen Benoit & Judoca Coopman p. 935
52.1.12.1 Christiaen Benoit p. 935
52.1.12.2 Judoca Coopman p. 935
52.1.12.3 Their Marriage p. 935
52.1.13 Livinus Desplenter & Barbara Benoit p. 935
52.1.13.1 Livinus Desplenter p. 935
52.1.13.2 Barbara Benoit p. 935
52.1.13.3 Their Marriage p. 935
52.1.14 Marie Magdalena Desplenter & Jean Francois Loncke . p. 935
52.1.14.1 Marie Magdalena Desplenter p. 935
52.1.14.2 Jean Francois Loncke p. 935
52.1.14.3 Their Marriage p. 935
52.1.15 Therese Loncke & Leo Bernard Declercq (DC12) p. 935
52.1.15.1 Therese Loncke p. 935
52.1.15.2 Leo Bernard Declercq (DC12) p. 936
52.1.15.3 Their Marriage p. 936
52.1.16 Ivo Declercq (DC13) & Mathilde Van den Broucke p. 936
52.1.16.1 Ivo Declercq p. 936
52.1.16.2 Mathilde Van den Broucke p. 936
52.1.16.3 Their Marriage p. 936
52.1.17 Ernest Constant Declercq (DC14) & Marie Elodie Devenyn p. 936
52.1.17.1 Ernest Constant Declercq p. 936
52.1.17.2 Marie Elodie Devenyn p. 936
52.1.17.3 Their Marriage p. 936
52.1.18 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) & Irma Helena Lesage . p. 936
52.1.18.1 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 936
52.1.18.2 Irma Helena Lesage p. 936
52.1.18.3 Their Marriage p. 936
52.1.19
aurice Alois Declercq (DC16) & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 936
52.1.19.1 Maurice Alois Declercq p. 936
52.1.19.2 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe . p. 937
52.1.20 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) & Shirani Olupathage de Silva . p. 937
52.1.20.1 Nico Felicien Declercq p. 937
52.1.20.2 Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 937
52.2 The Benoit Ancestry line, Lesage Branch . p. 937
52.2.1 Introduction p. 937
52.2.2 Gilles Benoit & ega Gilles Benoit . p. 937
52.2.2.1 Gilles Benoit p. 937
52.2.2.2 ega Gilles Benoit p. 937
52.2.2.3 Their Marriage p. 937
52.2.3 Olivier Benoit & Jane Waeye p. 937
52.2.3.1 Olivier Benoit p. 937
52.2.3.2 Jane Waeye p. 937
52.2.3.3 Their Marriage p. 937
52.2.4 Jean Benoit & Vandewalle p. 937
52.2.4.1 Jean Benoit p. 937
52.2.4.2 Vandewalle p. 940
52.2.4.3 Their Marriage p. 940
52.2.5 Antheunis Benoit & ega Antheunis Benoit . p. 940
52.2.5.1 Antheunis Benoit p. 940
52.2.5.2 Antheunis Benoit p. 940
52.2.6 Jacques Benoit & ega Jacques Benoit p. 940
52.2.6.1 Jacques Benoit p. 940
52.2.6.2 ega Jacques Benoit p. 940
52.2.6.3 Their Marriage p. 940
52.2.7 Jean Benoit & ega Jean Benoit p. 940
52.2.7.1 Jean Benoit p. 940
52.2.7.2 ega Jean Benoit p. 940
52.2.8 Jacques Benoit & ega Jacques Benoit p. 940
52.2.8.1 Jacques Benoit p. 940
52.2.8.2 ega Jacques Benoit p. 940
52.2.9 Jean Benoit & ega Jean Benoit p. 940
52.2.9.1 Jean Benoit p. 940
52.2.9.2 ega Jean Benoit p. 940
52.2.9.3 Their Marriage p. 940
52.2.10 Livinus Benoit & Petronella p. 940
52.2.10.1 Livinus Benoit p. 940
52.2.10.2 Petronella . p. 940
52.2.11 Livinus Benoit & Marie Duyck p. 940
52.2.11.1 Livinus Benoit p. 940
52.2.11.2 Marie le Ducq p. 940
52.2.11.3 Their Marriage p. 941
52.2.12 Louis Benoit & Claire Legaet p. 941
52.2.12.1 Louis Benoit p. 941
52.2.12.2 Claire Legaet p. 941
52.2.12.3 Their Marriage p. 941
52.2.13 Pierre Camerteyn & Marie Jeanne Benoit . p. 941
52.2.13.1 Pierre Camerteyn p. 941
52.2.13.2 Marie Jeanne Benoit p. 941
52.2.13.3 Their Marriage p. 941
52.2.14 Marie Jeanne Camerteyn & Pierre Dewanckele . p. 941
52.2.14.1 Marie Jeanne Camerteyn p. 941
52.2.14.2 Pierre Dewanckele p. 941
52.2.14.3 Their Marriage p. 941
52.2.15 Charles Ignace Dewanckele & Marie Jeanne Claire Vermeersch . p. 941
52.2.15.1 Charles Ignace Dewanckele p. 941
52.2.15.2 Marie Jeanne Claire Vermeersch. p. 941
52.2.15.3 Their Marriage p. 941
52.2.16 Pierre Charles Dewanckele & Barbara Goddyn . p. 941
52.2.16.1 Pierre Charles Dewanckele p. 941
52.2.16.2 Barbara Goddyn p. 941
52.2.16.3 Their Marriage p. 941
52.2.17 Rosalie Dewanckele & Louis Francois Lesage p. 941
52.2.17.1 Rosalie Dewanckele p. 941
52.2.17.2 Louis Francois Lesage p. 942
52.2.17.3 Their Marriage p. 942
52.2.18 Emile Theophile Lesage & Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 942
52.2.18.1 Emile Theophile Lesage . p. 942
52.2.18.2 Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 942
52.2.18.3 Their Marriage p. 942
52.2.19 Irma Helena Lesage & Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 942
52.2.19.1 Irma Helena Lesage p. 942
52.2.19.2 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 942
52.2.19.3 Their Marriage p. 942
52.2.20 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 942
52.2.20.1 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) p. 942
52.2.20.2 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 942
52.2.21 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) & Shirani Olupathage de Silvap. 942
52.2.21.1 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) p. 942
52.2.21.2 Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 943

53 The Den Dauw Ancestry line p. 945
53.1 Introduction p. 945
53.2 Judocus Den Dauw & Elisabeth Vinck p. 945
53.2.1 Judocus Den Dauw p. 945
53.2.2 Elisabeth Vinck p. 945
53.2.3 Their Marriage p. 945
53.3 Jean Den Dauw & Francoise Depraetere p. 945
53.3.1 Jean Den Dauw p. 945
53.3.2 Francoise Depraetere p. 945
53.3.3 Their Marriage p. 945
53.4 Pierre Joseph Den Dauw & Marie Therese Houttequiet p. 945
53.4.1 Pierre Joseph Den Dauw p. 945
53.4.2 Marie Therese Houttequiet p. 945
53.4.3 Their Marriage p. 945
53.5 Jean Baptiste Den Dauw & Colette Regine Vereecke p. 945
53.5.1 Jean Baptiste Den Dauw p. 950
53.5.2 Colette Regine Vereecke p. 950
53.5.3 Their Marriage p. 950
53.6 Jacques Joseph Den Dauw & Constance van Tieghem p. 950
53.6.1 Jacques Joseph Den Dauw p. 950
53.6.2 Marie Constance van Tieghem p. 950
53.6.3 Their Marriage p. 950
53.7 Charles Louis Den Dauw & Julie de Meurie p. 950
53.7.1 Charles Louis Den Dauw p. 950
53.7.2 Julie de Meurie p. 952
53.7.3 Their Marriage p. 952
53.7.4 Their Offspring p. 952
53.7.4.1 Richard Den Dauw p. 952
53.7.4.2 Alois Den Dauw p. 952
53.7.4.3 Hippolyte Den Dauw p. 952
53.7.4.4 Alphonse V. Den Dauw p. 952
53.7.5 Acquaintances p. 952
53.8 Richard Den Dauw & Irma Clemence de Meire p. 958
53.8.1 Richard Den Dauw p. 958
53.8.2 Irma Clemence de Meire p. 958
53.8.3 Their Marriage p. 958
53.8.4 Their Offspring p. 958
53.8.4.1 Alfred Den Dauw p. 958
53.8.4.2 Alida Maria Den Dauw p. 958
53.8.4.3 Gentil Camille Hippolyte Den Dauw p. 958
53.8.4.4 Rene Andre Den Dauw p. 958
53.8.4.5 Jerome Bernard Den Dauw p. 958
53.8.4.6 Remi Julien Den Dauw p. 961
53.8.5 Some Acquaintances p. 961
53.9 Alfred Den Dauw & Augusta Waelkens p. 961
53.9.1 Alfred Den Dauw p. 961
53.9.1.1 Introduction p. 961
53.9.1.2 His life p. 961
53.9.2 Augusta Waelkens p. 965
53.9.2.1 Mr and Mrs Migneau & Waelkens p. 965
53.9.2.2 Octaaf Henri Benedictus Waelkens & Marina Maria Furnier p. 965
53.9.2.3 Remi Gentil Waelkens & Marie Louise Euphrasie Furnier p. 965
53.9.2.4 Cyrille Arthur Loosvelt & Alida C. Waelkens p. 965
53.9.2.5 Richard Ludolf Waelkens & Romanie Helene Malfait p. 965
53.9.2.6 Jules Waelkens & Demeyer p. 965
53.9.2.7 Julien Waelkens & Mahieu p. 965
53.9.2.8 Jozef Waelkens & Waelkens p. 965
53.9.3 Their Marriage p. 969
53.9.4 Their Offspring p. 969
53.9.4.1 Richard Den Dauw p. 969
53.9.4.2 Maria Den Dauw p. 969
53.9.4.3 Maurice Felicien Den Dauw p. 969
53.9.4.4 Anna Den Dauw p. 969
53.9.4.5 Camilla Den Dauw p. 969
53.9.4.6 Paula Den Dauw p. 969
53.9.4.7 Joseph Den Dauw p. 969
53.9.5 Marc Waelkens, a distant blood-relative p. 981
53.9.6 Ferdinand Waelkens p. 981
53.9.7 Their Acquaintances p. 981
53.10 Anna Den Dauw & Rene Vangheluwe p. 981
53.10.1 Anna Den Dauw p. 981
53.10.2 Rene Vangheluwe p. 981
53.11 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe & Maurice Alois Declercq p. 981
53.11.1 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 981
53.11.2 Maurice Alois Declercq p. 981
53.12 Nico Felicien Declercq & Shirani Olupathage de Silva . p. 982
53.12.1 Nico Felicien Declercq p. 982
53.12.2 Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 982

54 The 't Kint Ancestry line p. 983
54.1 Introduction . p. 983
54.2 Catherine 't Kint & Francois Camerteyn . p. 983
54.2.1 Catherine 't Kint p. 983
54.2.2 Francois Camerteyn p. 983
54.3 Jean Camerteyn & Judoca Geldof p. 983
54.3.1 Jean Camerteyn p. 983
54.3.2 Judoca Geldof . p. 983
54.3.3 Their Marriage p. 983
54.4 Pierre Camerteyn & Marie Jeanne Christine Benoit p. 983
54.4.1 Pierre Camerteyn p. 983
54.4.2 Marie Jeanne Christine Benoit p. 983
54.4.3 Their Marriage p. 983
54.5 Marie Jeanne Camerteyn & Pierre Dewanckele p. 983
54.5.1 Marie Jeanne Camerteyn p. 983
54.5.2 Pierre Dewanckele. p. 983
54.5.3 Their Marriage p. 986
54.6 Charles Ignace Dewanckele & Marie Jeanne Claire Vermeersch p. 986
54.6.1 Charles Ignace Dewanckele p. 986
54.6.2 Marie Jeanne Claire Vermeersch p. 986
54.6.3 Their Marriage p. 986
54.7 Pierre Charles Dewanckele & Barbara Goddyn p. 986
54.7.1 Pierre Charles Dewanckele p. 986
54.7.2 Barbara Goddyn p. 986
54.7.3 Their Marriage p. 986
54.8 Rosalie Dewanckele & Louis Francois Lesage p. 986
54.8.1 Rosalie Dewanckele . p. 986
54.8.2 Louis Francois Lesage p. 986
54.8.3 Their Marriage p. 986
54.9 Emile Theophile Lesage & Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 986
54.9.1 Emile Theophile Lesage p. 986
54.9.2 Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 986
54.9.3 Their Marriage p. 987
54.10 Irma Helena Lesage & Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 987
54.10.1 Irma Helena Lesage . p. 987
54.10.2 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 987
54.10.3 Their Marriage p. 987
54.11 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 987
54.11.1 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) p. 987
54.11.2 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 987
54.12 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) & Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 987
54.12.1 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) p. 987
54.12.2 Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 987

55 The Surmont - de Croock Ancestry line p. 989
55.1 Introduction p. 989
55.2 Francois Surmont & Joanna Veys p. 989
55.3 Judocus Surmont & Catharina Notebaert . p. 989
55.3.1 Judocus Surmont p. 989
55.3.2 Catharina Notebaert p. 989
55.3.3 Their Marriage p. 989
55.4 Louis Joseph Surmont & Petronilla Verhaeghen p. 989
55.4.1 Joseph Louis Surmont p. 989
55.4.2 Petronilla Verhaeghen p. 992
55.4.3 Their Marriage p. 992
55.5 Pierre Amand Surmont & Marie-Jeanne De Meulemeester p. 992
55.5.1 Pierre Amand Surmont p. 992
55.5.2 Marie-Anne De Meulemeester p. 992
55.5.3 Their Marriage p. 992
55.6 Pierre Francois Surmont & Marie Therese de Croock p. 994
55.6.1 Pierre Francois Surmont p. 994
55.6.2 Marie Therese de Croock p. 994
55.6.2.1 Her Life p. 994
55.6.2.2 Her Parents p. 994
55.6.2.2.1 Pierre Francois de Croock p. 994
55.6.2.2.2 Maria Theresia Balderdoot . p. 994
55.6.2.2.3 Her Parents' marriage p. 994
55.6.3 Their Marriage p. 994
55.7 Jean Baptiste Surmont & Susanne d'Huyvetter p. 999
55.7.1 Jean Baptiste Surmont p. 999
55.7.2 Susanne d'Huyvetter p. 999
55.7.2.1 Her Life p. 999
55.7.2.2 Her Relatives p. 999
55.7.2.2.1 Ursula D'Huyvetter p. 999
55.7.2.2.2 Jean Baptiste D'Huyvetter p. 999
55.7.2.2.3 Georges D'Huyvetter p. 999
55.7.3 Their Marriage p. 999
55.8 Marie Nathalie Surmont & V. Francois Vangheluwe p. 1006
55.8.1 Marie Nathalie Surmont p. 1006
55.8.2 V. Francois Vangheluwe p. 1006
55.8.2.1 His life p. 1006
55.8.2.2 His relative Octavie Vangheluwe . p. 1006
55.8.2.3 His sibling Valerie Vangheluwe p. 1009
55.8.2.4 His sibling Emile Vangheluwe p. 1009
55.8.2.5 His paternal ancestry line p. 1009
55.8.3 Marriage and family p. 1009
55.9 Gerard Vangheluwe & Zozyma Zulma Verhaeghe p. 1015
55.9.1 Gerard Vangheluwe . p. 1015
55.9.1.1 Introduction p. 1015
55.9.1.2 His Youth . p. 1015
55.9.1.3 WWI, Ziviel Arbeiter Bataillon 3, nr 186 p. 1015
55.9.1.4 Just after WWI p. 1019
55.9.1.5 Life and Hobbies p. 1019
55.9.1.6 Their Acquaintances p. 1019
55.9.1.7 His Death . p. 1023
55.9.2 Zozyma Zulma Verhaeghe p. 1023
55.9.3 Their Offspr
ng p. 1023
55.10 Rene Vangheluwe & Anna Den Dauw p. 1023
55.10.1 Rene Vangheluwe p. 1023
55.10.2 Anna Den Dauw p. 1023
55.11 Pierre Frans Vangheluwe & Jeanette Leona Verbrugghe p. 1025
55.11.1 Pierre Frans Vangheluwe p. 1025
55.11.1.1 Introduction p. 1025
55.11.1.2 His Youth . p. 1025
55.11.1.3 The army . p. 1028
55.11.1.4 Their Marriage p. 1028
55.11.1.5 A Globe Trotter p. 1028
55.11.1.6 His Death came too Soon p. 1028
55.11.2 Jeanette Leona Verbrugghe p. 1028
55.11.2.1 Introduction p. 1028
55.11.2.2 Her Youth . p. 1028
55.11.2.3 Their Marriage p. 1030
55.11.2.4 A Globe Trotter p. 1030
55.12 Maurice Alois Declercq & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 1030
55.12.1 Maurice Alois Declercq p. 1030
55.12.2 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 1030
55.13 Nico Felicien Declercq & Shirani Olupathage de Silva . p. 1030
55.13.1 Nico Felicien Declercq p. 1030
55.13.2 Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 1030

56 The Side-Branch of de Patin de Langemarck p. 1031
56.1 Introduction . p. 1031
56.2 Philippe de Patin p. 1031
56.2.1 Philippe de Patin p. 1031
56.2.2 Monique de Patin p. 1031
56.2.3 Marie Catherine de Patin p. 1031
56.2.4 Anne de Patin . p. 1031
56.2.5 Philippine de Patin . p. 1031
56.2.6 Josephine de Patin p. 1031
56.2.7 Jean de Patin p. 1031
56.3 Pierre de Patin & Catherine-Therese de Smet p. 1033
56.3.1 Charles Joseph de Patin & Marie-Jacqueline de Voldere p. 1033
56.3.1.1 Marie Josephe de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.2 Jeanne Jacqueline de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.3 Therese Rose de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.4 Anne Caroline de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.5 Isabelle Dorothee de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.6 Isabelle Josephine de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.7 Colette de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.8 Genevi`eve Constance de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.9 Anne Charlotte de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.10 Charles Marie de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.11 Louis Augustin Benedict de Patin p. 1036
56.3.1.12 Marie Therese de Patin p. 1036
56.3.2 Caroline Josephine de Patin p. 1037
56.4 Joseph de Patin & Catherine Therese Francoise de Ghelcke p. 1037
56.4.1 Marie Therese Charlotte de Patin p. 1037
56.4.2 Charles Eug`ene Joseph de Patin p. 1038
56.4.3 Genevi`eve Antoinette Constance de Patin p. 1038
56.4.4 Therese-Josephine de Patin p. 1038
56.4.5 Joseph Jacques Benoit de Patin & Susanne-Charlotte Letten p. 1038
56.5 Charles Joseph Francois de Patin & Lucie Fid`ele Therese de Hem p. 1038
56.5.1 Aline Caroline Josephine de Patin p. 1038 56.5.2 Jules Philippe de Patin p. 1039
56.5.3 Helene Emelie Josephine de Patin p. 1039
56.6 Charles Philippe de Patin & Therese Waltrude du Bois p. 1047
56.6.1 Introduction p. 1047
56.6.2 Parents and Ancestors p. 1050
56.6.3 Early Years and Education p. 1050
56.6.4 Career in Austrian Belgium during the reign of Charles VI and before becoming a Viscount p. 1053
56.6.5 Career as a Viscount in Austrian Belgium during the reign of Charles VI p. 1054
56.6.6 Career in Austrian Belgium during the reign of Maria Theresa p. 1059
56.6.7 O cial reports p. 1061
56.6.8 Handwritings lost during the destruction of Langemark in WWI p. 1061
56.6.9 Preserved handwritings p. 1061
56.6.10 Mare Liberum p. 1061
56.6.11 Poem in honour of Charles Philippe de Patin p. 1062
56.6.12 Additional works on Charles Philippe de Patin p. 1062
56.6.13 Offspring of Charles Philippe de Patin and Therese du Bois p. 1062
56.6.13.1 Caroline de Patin p. 1062
56.6.13.2 Jean Baptiste Benedict de Patin p. 1062
56.6.13.3 Leopold Joseph de Patin p. 1062
56.6.13.3.1 Charles de Patin p. 1062
56.6.13.3.2 Francois de Patin p. 1062
56.6.13.3.3 Reine Anne Marie Colette Felicite de Patin p. 1063
56.6.13.4 Therese Catherine de Patin p. 1063
56.6.13.5 Jeanne de Patin p. 1063
56.6.13.6 Josephine de Patin p. 1063
56.6.13.7 Marie Louise Bernardine de Patin p. 1063
56.6.13.7.1 Alexandre Charles Marie de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.2 Cesar de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.3 Mr de Nobili p. 1063 56.6.13.7.4 Marie de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.5 Jean Baptiste de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.6 Therese Sabine Colette de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.7 Charlotte Jeanne de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.8 Hypolite Bernard de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.9 Joseph de Nobili p. 1063
56.6.13.7.10 Charles Benedict Joseph de Nobili p. 1063
56.7 Francois Guillaume de Patin de Langemarck & Joanna Antoinette Monica de Grou p. 1064
56.7.1 Jean Baptiste Guillaume de Patin p. 1064
56.7.1.1 Florence Aline Adelaide de Patin p. 1064
56.7.1.1.1 Eulalie Hubertine Sophie de Moreau p. 1064
56.7.1.1.2 Charlotte Josephine Adelaide de Moreau p. 1064
56.7.1.1.3 Joseph Charles Alexandre de Moreau p. 1064
56.7.1.1.4 Jean Baptiste Joseph Charles Auguste Diericx de Tenham p. 1064
56.7.1.1.5 Marie Josephe Virginie Diericx de Tenham p. 1064
56.7.1.1.6 Nathalie Diericx de Tenham p. 1064
56.7.1.2 Josephine Virginie Adelaide de Patin p. 1065
56.7.1.2.1 Joseph Marie Jean Baptiste Diericx de Tenham p. 1065
56.7.1.2.2 Felicie Josephe Marie Aline Diericx de Tenham p. 1065
56.7.1.2.3 Ernest Joseph Maric Francois Diericx de Tenham p. 1065
56.7.1.2.4 Marie Augustine Guislaine Diericx de Tenham p. 1065
56.7.1.2.5 Victor Henri Michel Diericx de Tenham p. 1065
56.7.1.3 Joseph de Patin p. 1065
56.7.2 Caroline de Patin p. 1065
56.7.2.1 Alphonse du Montet de la Moliere et Malussin p. 1065
56.7.2.1.1 Hortence du Montet de Malussin p. 1065
56.7.2.1.1.1 Joseph Glangeaud p. 1067
56.8 Joseph Charles de Patin p. 1067
56.8.1 Joseph Charles Jean Antoine de Patin p. 1067
56.8.1.1 Caroline de Patin de Langemarck & Jean-Pierre Cassiers p. 1067
56.8.1.1.1 Introduction p. 1067
56.8.1.1.2 Marriage with Jean Pierre Cassiers p. 1070
56.8.1.1.3 The Houthulst project p. 1070
56.8.1.1.4 The Castle of Houthulst p. 1070
56.8.1.1.5 Destruction in 1918 p. 1071
56.8.1.1.6 Relatives p. 1071
56.8.1.2 Aline Elisabeth Josephine Antoinette de Patin de Langemarck & Charles Louis Victor Joseph Cotteau p. 1071
56.8.1.2.1 Charles Louis Victor Joseph Cotteau p. 1071
56.8.1.2.2 Rene Charles Francois Cotteau de Simencourt de Patin p. 1071
56.8.1.2.2.1 Charles Cotteau de Patin & Celine Gantois p. 1071
56.8.1.2.2.2 Marie Louise Cotteau de Patin & Fernand de Theux de Meylandt et Montjardin p. 1071
56.8.1.3 Felicie de Patin de Langemarck & Edmond du Jardin p. 1071
56.9 Joseph Felix Marie Charles Francois de Patin de Langemarck p. 1077
56.10 Charles Philippe Jean Marie Joseph de Patin de Langemarck p. 1077

57 The Ardan-Rouye-Lammens-Decaestecker Ancestry line p. 1111
57.1 Introduction p. 1111
57.2 Jean Francois Ardan (ARLD01) & Marie Josephe Rouye p. 1111
57.2.1 Jean Francois Harden p. 1111
57.2.1.1 Introduction p. 1111
57.2.2 Marie Josephe Rouye p. 1111
57.2.3 Marriage and offspring p. 1111
57.3 Charles Caestecker & Joana Francisca Ardan (ARLD02) p. 1113
57.3.1 Charles Caestecker p. 1113
57.3.2 Jeanne Francoise Ardan (ARLD02) p. 1113
57.3.3 Marriage and offspring p. 1113
57.4 Ivo Benedictus Pareyn & Anna Marie Francoise Caestecker (ARLD03) p. 1113
57.4.1 Ivo Benedictus Francois Pareyn p. 1113
57.4.2 Anne Marie Francoise Caestecker (ARLD03) p. 1113
57.4.3 Marriage and offspring p. 1113
57.5 Charles Benoit Pareyn (ARLD04) & Anne Therese Devisschere p. 1113
57.5.1 Charles Benoit Pareyn (ARLD04) p. 1113 57.5.2 Anne Therese Devisschere p. 1114
57.5.3 Marriage and offspring p. 1114
57.6 Joseph Leopold Lammens & Anne Therese Pareyn (ARLD05) p. 1114
57.6.1 Joseph Leopold Lammens p. 1114
57.6.2 Anne Therese Pareyn (ARLD05) p. 1114
57.6.3 Marriage and offspring p. 1114
57.6.4 Relatives p. 1114
57.6.5 Charles Lammens, a chasseur a pied with Hendrik Conscience p. 1118
57.6.5.1 Introduction p. 1118
57.6.5.2 Military files p. 1118
57.6.5.3 Birth p. 1118
57.6.5.4 Service with Hendrik Conscience p. 1118
57.6.5.5 Their Marriage p. 1119
57.6.5.6 His Death p. 1119
57.7 Clemens Lammens (ARLD06) & Natalia Juliana Decaestecker (C02) p. 1119
57.7.1 Clemens Lammens (ARLD06) p. 1119
57.7.2 Natalia Juliana Decaestecker (C02) p. 1124
57.7.3 Pierre Joseph Decaestecker (C01), the father of Natalia Juliana Decaestecker p. 1124
57.7.3.1 Introduction p. 1124
57.7.3.2 Battle of Austerlitz p. 1126
57.7.3.3 The battles of Crewitz and Lubeck p. 1126
57.7.3.4 The battles of Ostrelenka and Friedland p. 1131
57.7.3.5 The period 1808-1809 p. 1131
57.7.3.6 The period 1810-1813 p. 1134
57.7.3.7 short title p. 1135
57.7.3.8 The battle near Waterloo p. 1135
57.7.3.9 La medaille de Sainte Helene p. 1135
57.7.3.10 The parents of Pierre Joseph Decaestecker (C01) p. 1135
57.7.3.10.1 The parents, Pierre Joseph Decaestecker senior and Catherine Rose Develter p. 1135
57.7.3.11 The death of Petrus Josephus Decaestecker p. 1135
57.7.3.12 His marriage with Coleta Francisca Debrabander p. 1135
57.7.4 Marriage and offspring p. 1135 57.7.5 Their Acquaintances p. 1135
57.8 Eudoxie Romanie Lammens (ARLD07-C03) & Emile Theophile Lesage p. 1136
57.8.1 Eudoxie Romanie Lammens p. 1136
57.8.2 Emile Theophile Lesage p. 1136
57.9 Irma Helena Lesage & Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 1136
57.9.1 Michel Achiel Renatus Declercq (DC15) p. 1136
57.9.2 Irma Helena Lesage p. 1136
57.10 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) & Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 1136
57.10.1 Maurice Alois Declercq (DC16) p. 1136
57.10.2 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe p. 1136
57.11 Nico Felicien Declercq (DC17) & Shirani O. de Silva p. 1136
57.11.1 Shirani Olupathage de Silva p. 1137

58 The Maternal (mt-DNA) Ancestry Line of N F Declercq p. 1139
58.1 Introduction p. 1139
58.2 Mitochondrial DNA Analysis p. 1139
58.3 Autosomal DNA analysis p. 1139
58.4 Genealogy p. 1140
58.4.1 The hypothesis of Margareth Driscoll, the wife of Peter McParland p. 1140
58.4.2 Petronilla McParland, the wife of Gabrielus Depraetere p. 1140
58.4.3 Maria Depraetere, the wife of Antonius Isebaert p. 1140
58.4.4 Maria Isebaert, the wife of Petrus Soete p. 1144
58.4.5 Joanna Soete, the wife of Antonius Vandriesche p. 1144
58.4.6 Isabelle Fernandine Vandriesche, the wife of Pierre Joseph Buysschaert p. 1144
58.4.7 Barbara Theresa Buysschaert, the wife of Pierre Joseph Houttequiet p. 1144
58.4.8 Amelie Francisca Houttequiet, the wife of Frederic Verbeke p. 1145
58.4.9 Sidonie Verbeke, the wife of Camillus Waelkens p. 1145
58.4.10 Augusta Emma Waelkens, the wife of Alfred Den Dauw p. 1147
58.4.11 Anna Den Dauw, the wife of Rene Vangheluwe p. 1147
58.4.12 Nelly Maria Vangheluwe, the wife of Maurice Alois Declercq p. 1147

VII Solo la gloria a Dios

(page 1162)
(page 1162) Antoine Baillet, drawing of Kapel-ter-Ruste, 17th century (A. Baillet, Archive Leon Defraeye, photo 18.897). The image, of the original chapel in Deerlijk, Belgium, exposes Antoni Desclergue's (DC06) initials and also the Virgin of the Sierra, better known as 'la Mare de Deu de la Serra de Montblanc', the patron of Montblanc.



59 The chapel of Nuestra Senora del Reposo or De kapel van Onze Lieve Vrouw Ter Ruste, in Deerlijk p. 1157
59.1 El Suelo del Reposo - Introduction p. 1157
59.2 Historical evidence p. 1160
59.2.1 Antique images of the chapel's original Spanish architecture reveal Antoni Desclergues'initials p. 1160
59.2.2 Antoni Desclergue's (DC06) Personal Connections involved in the 1634 Miracle and its Recognition p. 1161
59.2.2.1 Birds of a Feather p. 1161
59.2.2.2 The role of Maximilien II Villain de Gand and his connection with Antoni Desclergue p. 1161
59.2.2.3 The bonds between Antoni Desclergue (DC06) and the other miracle witnesses of 1634 p. 1165
59.3 Other Evidence of Antoni Desclergue's Persuasive Role p. 1166
59.3.1 Eminence Grise p. 1166
59.3.2 Observations in visible light p. 1168
59.3.3 Observations with Ultraviolet Luminescence and the discovery of Antoni Desclergue's Signature p. 1168
59.3.3.1 About Ultraviolet Luminescence p. 1168
59.3.3.2 General observations p. 1168
59.3.3.3 Antoni Desclergue's (DC06) initials found on panel 7 p. 1168
59.4 Spanish Artwork imported by Antoni Desclergue (DC06) p. 1169
59.4.1 Cano's Miraculous Sculpture of Mary with Jesus p. 1169
59.4.1.1 Introduction and Ultraviolet Fluorescence Investigation p. 1169
59.4.1.2 Spanish Baroque sculptor Alonso Cano (1601-1667) p. 1177
59.4.1.3 A closer look at the Jesus Figurine p. 1177
59.4.2 The Plaza Mayor of Montblanc on a Panel of the Chapel's Original Retable p. 1178
59.4.2.1 Introduction p. 1178
59.4.2.2 A visual study of the Montblanc Panel p. 1178
59.4.3 An Infrared study of the Polychromes, including the Montblanc Panel p. 1178
59.4.3.1 Alcoves p. 1178
59.4.3.2 Original details of the Montblanc panel p. 1179
59.4.3.3 The panel with an inscription added later p. 1179 59.4.3.4 The Original Retable Fabricated with 17th-century Spanish Techniques and later Recycled to the
Seven Sorrows of Mary p. 1179
59.4.3.4.1 Applied Fabrication Technique p. 1179
59.4.3.4.2 Narrative of the Retable p. 1179
59.4.3.4.3 The Retable in its current role as Seven Sorrows p. 1179
59.5 Narrative of the miracle and Antoni Desclergue's role in 1634 p. 1180
59.5.1 Introduction p. 1180
59.5.2 Antoni Desclergue (DC06) in 1634 p. 1180
59.5.3 The miracle pointed at la Mare de Deu de la Serra p. 1180
59.5.4 Details of the 1634 miracle p. 1181
59.5.4.1 The recorded facts p. 1181
59.5.4.2 This author's Reflections on the Testimonies p. 1181
59.5.4.3 Ocial Recognition of the 1634 Miracle and further Contestation of the Chaplaincy until Antoni Desclergue died in 1690 p. 1182
59.6 Similarities with the legend of la Mare de Deu de la Serra de Montblanc p. 1182
59.7 Marguerite Kelduwier as the chapel's proprietary p. 1184
59.7.1 A propos on Marguerite Kelduwier p. 1184
59.7.2 A propos`on Marguerite Kelduwier's husband Jean Du Bois p. 1185
59.7.3 Narrative of the Chapel's Foundation p. 1185
59.8 On Antoni Desclergue's motives to honour his parents Jeroni Desclergue (DC05) and Felipa de Montoya p. 1186
59.8.1 Introduction p. 1186
59.8.2 Jeroni Desclergue (DC05) is visible on the Montblanc panel (nr 3) inside the Chapel p. 1186
59.8.3 Felipa de Montoya is visible on the Montblanc panel (nr 3) inside the Chapel p. 1186
59.8.4 Sancti Eusebii Hieronymi Stridonensis presbyteri Opera omnia p. 1187
59.9 Noteworthy Curiosities p. 1189
59.9.1 Numerology, Size and Orientation p. 1189
59.9.1.1 Montblanc Panel indicators p. 1189
59.9.1.2 The prominent S character p. 1189
59.9.1.3 The year 1639 p. 1189
59.9.1.4 The chapel's Ostend-Montblanc orientation p. 1189
59.10 A propos about the Legend p. 1190
59.11 The chapel's history after the Spanish period, further connections with the Desclergues and a miracle in 1884 p. 1190
59.11.1 The Chapel's Earthly Service and Renovations p. 1190
59.11.2 The Original Architecture revealed with the Naked Eye p. 1193
59.11.3 The Original Architecture revealed with Infrared Imaging p. 1193
59.11.4 Restoration and colours p. 1194
59.11.5 Later Desclergue Connections p. 1194
59.11.6 The chapel's second miracle in 1884 p. 1194

60 The church of Saint Louis or Sint Lodewijk in Deerlijk p. 1195
60.1 Introduction p. 1195
60.2 The origins of Saint Louis p. 1195
60.3 Connections with the Desclergues p. 1197



(page 1176)
(page 1176) These are the panels in Spanish Baroque from 1640, which nowadays constitute the seven sorrows of Mary. The reliefs each have 13 flowers on their frame, symbolising Antoni, while the recently added (first) panel differs. One panel shows the main square of Montblanc with the house of Desclergue. Another exposes the initials of Antoni Desclergue (DC06).

VIII A Brief Executive Summary



61 A Brief Executive Summary p. 1201

IX Appendix



62 The Genealogy of Jan DeKlerk & Magdalena Pauwels p. 1205
62.1 Introduction p. 1205
62.2 Magdalena Pauwels from Deerlijk p. 1205
62.3 Jan DeKlerk (DK01) p. 1206
62.4 Baptisms of Jan DeKlerk's children p. 1206
62.5 Other appearances in church registers of Jan DeKlerk (DK01) and Magdalena Pauwels p. 1206
62.6 Jan DeKlerk (DK01) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 1208
62.7 The lives of the biological descendants of Jan DeKlerk p. 1211
62.7.1 Jan DeKlerk (DK02a) p. 1211
62.7.1.1 Jan DeKlerk (DK02a) on list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 1211
62.7.1.2 Family of Jan DeKlerk (DK02a) p. 1211
62.7.2 Pieter DeKlerk (DK02b) p. 1211
62.7.2.1 Pieter DeKlerk (DK02b) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 1211
62.7.2.2 The family of Pieter DeKlerk (DK02b) p. 1211
62.7.2.3 The family of Joannes DeKlerk (DK02by1) p. 1211
62.7.2.4 Joannes DeKlerk (DK02by1) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 1211
62.7.3 Magdalena DeKlerk (DK02e) p. 1211
62.7.4 Jacomyne DeKlerk (DK02c) p. 1211
62.7.5 Anna DeKlerk (DK02d) p. 1211
62.7.6 Antonius DeKlerk (DK02ay1), the son of Jan DeKlerk (DK02a) p. 1214
62.7.6.1 Antonius DeKlerk (DK02ay1) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 1214
62.7.6.2 Adrianus DeKlerk (DK02ay1y2) on the list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 1214
62.7.6.3 Other documents of Adrianus DeKlerk (DK02ay1y2) p. 1214
62.7.6.4 Adrianus DeKlerk (DK02ay1y2) on list of 'la bourgeoisie foraine'of Kortrijk at Deerlijk p. 1215
62.7.6.5 Joanna DeKlerk (DK02ay1x2) p. 1215
62.8 Final note on the genealogy of Jan DeKlerk (DK01) p. 1215

63 Gerard Verbrugghe & Maria Vandenabeele p. 1227
63.1 Introduction p. 1227
63.2 The French military adventure during WWII p. 1227
63.2.1 The train journey into the unknown p. 1227
63.2.2 The journey on foot and the near-death experiences p. 1232
63.2.3 The border crossing between Vichy-France and German-France and the return home. p. 1234
63.3 Their life in photos p. 1234

64 Genealogy Reports p. 1235
64.1 Introduction p. 1235
64.2 The author's kinship report p. 1235
64.3 The author's Ahnentafel report p. 1253
64.4 Persons in the author's Ancestry Tree p. 1268
64.5 Events in the author's Ancestry Tree p. 1284

65 The 1661 report by Francesc de Pedrolo p. 1299

66 The author's Academic Ancestry and Curriculum p. 1315
66.1 Short biography - summer 2021 p. 1317

X Final Contemplation

p. 1321

The author's privilege is to educate young and energetic students full of ideas and inspiration as a professor. As ageing begins, it is a comfort to discern that the past is passed while the future swiftly falls on the shoulders of a new generation.
Being a descendant of the Desclergues from Montblanc in Catalonia, Spain, and in the context of this book, it is natural to place our hope for a better future, amid environmental and economic challenges, into the hands of a new generation represented by such talented and dynamic youngsters as the Duchess of Montblanc, the Princess of Asturias.
The author sincerely offers Her Royal Highness his blessing and wishes her the best of luck in her educational endeavour and future exemplary function.

(page 1325)
(page 1325) Her Royal Highness Leonor de Todos los Santos de Borbon y Ortiz, Princess of Asturias, Princess of Girona, Princess of Viana, Duchess of Montblanc, Countess of Cervera and Lady of Balaguer, at the Princess of Girona Foundation Awards (FPdGi) 2020-2021 ceremony in Barcelona on July 1, 2021. Courtesy of Casa Real TV. (page 1325)

What to expect in the second edition?

The second edition will appear in a couple of years and will be an updated version of the first edition. The added or adjusted contents will result from further discoveries already made or yet to be made in the coming years and depend on the availability of documents and possibly other activities the author undertakes in his limited free time.

The following items have already been prepared:
-approximately 50 old images have been professionally colourized.
-Autosomal DNA matches are shown with two persons descending from the de Patin family through a different bloodline.
-Autosomal DNA matches are shown with two persons descending from Bertrand Duguesclin's grandfather through 2 different bloodlines.
-Archaeological discoveries describe and show Spanish military presence in Harelbeke in the 17th century and further strengthen those explained in the first edition.
-The artwork in the chapel in Deerlijk is attributed to a school of artists active in Catalonia in the first halve of the 17th century. Help, to this end, was received from Spanish academics in art history.
-In addition to the extensive DNA study already in the book, an interesting autosomal DNA-match was found with a person whose known ancestors all lived in a village not far from Montblanc in Spain, between Tarragona and Zaragoza.